classification


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classification

 [klas″ī-fĭ-ka´shun]
a systematic arrangement of similar entities on the basis of certain differing characteristics. For names of specific classifications, see under the names.

clas·si·fi·ca·tion

(klas'i-fi-kā'shŭn),
A systematic arrangement into classes or groups based on perceived common characteristics; a means of giving order to a group of disconnected facts.

classification

/clas·si·fi·ca·tion/ (klas″ĭ-fĭ-ka´shun) the systematic arrangement of similar entities on the basis of certain differing characteristics.
adansonian classification  numerical taxonomy.
Angle's classification  a classification of dental malocclusion based on the mesiodistal position of the mandibular dental arch and teeth relative to the maxillary dental arch and teeth; see under malocclusion.
Bergey's classification  a system of classifying bacteria by Gram reaction, metabolism, and morphology.
Caldwell-Moloy classification  classification of female pelves as gynecoid, android, anthropoid, and platypelloid; see under pelvis.
FIGO classification  any of the classification systems established by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics for the staging of gynecological cancers.
Gell and Coombs classification  a classification of immune mechanisms of tissue injury, comprising four types: type I, immediate hypersensitivity reactions, mediated by interaction of IgE antibody and antigen and release of histamine and other mediators; type II, antibody-mediated hypersensitivity reactions, due to antibody-antigen interactions on cell surfaces; type III, immune complex, local or general inflammatory responses due to formation of circulating immune complexes and their deposition in tissues; and type IV cell-mediated hypersensitivity reactions, initiated by sensitized T lymphocytes either by release of lymphokines or by T-cell–mediated cytotoxicity.
Keith-Wagener-Barker classification  a classification of hypertension and arteriolosclerosis based on retinal changes.
Lancefield classification  the classification of hemolytic streptococci into groups on the basis of serologic action.
New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification  a functional and therapeutic classification for prescription of physical activity for cardiac patients.
Revised European American Lymphoma (REAL) Classification  a classification of lymphomas based on histologic criteria, dividing them into three main categories: B-cell neoplasms, T- or NK-cell neoplasms, and Hodgkin's disease.

classification

(klăs′ə-fĭ-kā′shən)
n.
1. The act, process, or result of classifying.
2. A category or class.
3. Biology The systematic grouping of organisms into categories on the basis of evolutionary or structural relationships between them; taxonomy.

clas′si·fi·ca·to′ri·ly (klăs′ə-fĭ-kə-tôr′ə-lē, klə-sĭf′ĭ-) adv.
clas′si·fi·ca·to′ry (klăs′ə-fĭ-kə-tôr′ē, klə-sĭf′ĭ-, klăs′ə-fĭ-kā′tə-rē) adj.

classification

[klas′ifikā′shən]
Etymology: L, classis, collection, facere, to make
(in research) a process in data analysis in which data are grouped according to previously determined characteristics. classify, v.

classification

Any systematic arrangement of similar entities organisms, disease processes, etc, which are separated based on specific types of differences. See Ambulatory payment classification, Ann Arbor classification, Bethesda classification, Black's classification, BLEED classification, Bormann's classification, Broders' classification, Caldwell-Molloy classification, Cambridge classification, Canadian Cardiovascular Society functional classification, Cladistic classification, Deafness classification, DeBakey classification, Denis classification, Dukes classification, FAB–French-American-British classification, FDA classification of devices, FDA Classification of Teratogenicity, Gustilo classification, Hamilton classification, Hazard classification, Hinchey grading classification, International Classification of Diseases–9th edition, Clinical Modification classification, International Workshop classification for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, ILO classification, Kiel classification, Killip classification, Lovejoy's classification, Ludwig classification, Lukes-Collins classification, Marseille classification, McKusick classification, New York Heart Association classification, Norwood classification, Obesity Task Force classification, Papanicolaou classification, Pesaro classification, Physical status classification, Quebec classification, Rappaport classification, REAL classification, Rosenthal classification, Savary-Miller classification, Shandall classification, TNM classification, Ulcerative colitis classification, Vaughan Williams classification, WHO classification, Wolfe classification, Working Formulation.

clas·si·fi·ca·tion

(klas'i-fi-kā'shŭn)
A systematic arrangement into groups based on perceived common characteristics; a means of giving order to a group of disconnected facts.
[Fr. classe fr. L. classis, class + facere, to make or to do]
Classificationclick for a larger image
Fig. 107 Classification . Universal phylogenetic tree, showing the three domains, which is based on genetic structures and sequences.
Classificationclick for a larger image
Fig. 106 Classification . A comparison of classical and modern classifications.

classification

the ordering of organisms into groups on the basis of their relationships. The groups are referred to as TAXA, for example, kingdom, phylum, division, class, order, family, genus, species. Natural classification based on overall evolutionary (phylogenetic) relationships is the usual form, but artificial classification based on nonevolutionary considerations or on one or a few characters is often used in identification. The CLADISTICS approach has gained favour in some circles.

Classification is not to be confused with ‘identification’ which is the placing of individuals by deductive procedures into previously established groups. Most criteria used in classification have been structural, but as more becomes known of genetical structures and sequences, these are increasingly used as a basis for classification. Several workers have suggested new classifications based on DOMAINS, and that suggested by Woese (1994) is shown in comparison with the widely recognized classical approach (the ‘five kingdom system’) of Whittaker (1969). See fig. 106 . At present the classification of organisms is in a state of flux. In the modern classification of Woese, each domain contains groupings of kingdom-equivalent status so that many other groupings may attain similar status to animals and plants, reflecting the diversity of microorganisms and their evolutionary importance. This can be seen more clearly in the phylogenetic tree in Fig. 107 (after Woese 1994) where the groupings in the domain Bacteria are merely representative of a larger number.

For viruses, classification is normally based on type of nucleic acid, morphology, presence or absence of an envelope and replication properties. A number of families is recognized, with the family name ending in -viridae, e.g. Poxviridae (double-stranded DNA, enveloped animal viruses). The viral genus has the suffix -virus, e.g. Orthopoxvirus, and the viral species is given a common descriptive name ending with virus, e.g. smallpox virus. In general, higher taxa e.g. order, kingdom, have not yet been assigned, but viruses are usually separated into large groups based on host preference e.g. animal viruses, plant viruses and bacterial viruses (see BACTERIOPHAGES).

clas·si·fi·ca·tion

(klas'i-fi-kā'shŭn)
A systematic arrangement into classes or groups based on perceived common characteristics; a means of giving order to a group of disconnected facts.

classification,

n the systematic arrangement according to characteristics of groups or classes.
classification, Broders',
classification, cavity,
classification, Kennedy,
classification of habits,
n a compilation of orofacial habits that may be a factor in the etiology of periodontal disease. Habit neuroses include lip biting, cheek biting, biting of foreign objects, and abnormal tongue pressure against the teeth. Occupational ones include thread biting, musician's habits, holding nails in the oral cavity, etc. Miscellaneous ones include thumb sucking, pipe smoking, incorrect toothbrushing habits, cracking nuts with the teeth, and oral cavity breathing.
classification of motion,
n a classification system that identifies the extent of involvement of the body in completing a dental motor task.
classification of partial dentures,
n grouping of partially edentulous situations based on various conditions (e.g., location of the edentulous space, location of remaining teeth, position of direct retainers, and ability of oral structures to support a partial denture).
classification of periodontal diseases,
n the division of periodontal diseases into: (1) gingival disease; (2) chronic periodontitis; (3) aggressive periodontitis; (4) periodontitis as a manifestation of a systemic disease; (5) necrotizing periodontal diseases; (6) abscesses of the periodontium; (7) periodontitis associated with endodontic lesions; and (8) development of acquired deformities and conditions.
classification of pockets,
n the division of periodontal pockets into two classes: (1) suprabony and (2) infrabony, according to the number of osseous walls (i.e., three osseous walls, two osseous walls, one osseous wall). See also pocket.

classification

division of diagnoses, diseases, pathological findings, microbiological findings into categories or classes. See also nomenclature.

virus classification
see Table 8.1.

Patient discussion about classification

Q. How are Heart Murmurs Classified? What are the characteristics of different heart murmurs?

A. Heart murmurs are charachterized by their location, their strength, their timing, whether or not they radiate and so on. For example, this is a sound of a heart murmur compatible with a disease called aortic stenosis-
http://www.dundee.ac.uk/medther/Cardiology/audio/as.wav
Notice that the murmur begin with the heart sound and lasts all through the beat.

More discussions about classification
References in periodicals archive ?
This nominal interest, for entity classification purposes, is sometimes not considered an owner and thus not counted when determining the entity's classification.
Experts agree that the first, and most critical step in ILM is granular, detailed data classification," says Harrison.
When the issue of independent contractor classification comes up in one jurisdiction, employees or the government are motivated to figure out a way for the issue to be raised in other jurisdictions.
Today's systems need innovative classification technology and algorithms to become an efficient productivity weapon.
It was agreed that such a (Q)SAR could potentially be used for prioritization, risk assessment, and/or classification and labeling.
To address objective internal classification, NIC funded three initiatives to work with state correctional agencies to develop, implement and assess the impact of objective internal classification systems.
As noted, no clinical studies of academic classification or marital status and assertiveness were found.
Like the opinion letter at issue in Christensen, TEI stated, Customs classification rulings and IRS revenue rulings are not subject to notice and comment and are not published in either the Federal Register or the Code of Federal Regulations.
Apart from a few studies that used the size distribution of taxa (Holman, 1985, 1992; Cronk, 1989, 1990), historical studies of classification schemes have remained qualitative (Lu, 1981; Barabe & Brouillet, 1982; Barabe, 1984, 1993; Stevens, 1984b, 1986, 1994).
In a study of 202 court decisions on worker classification disputes, only 41% were rules in favor of the IRS.
Except the flame is either kept on for ten minute or four minutes, depending upon the classification.
A glut of astronomical data has overwhelmed the few experts capable of such "morphological" classification.

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