citrinin


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citrinin

mycotoxin produced by the fungi Penicillium viridicatum, P. palitans and Aspergillus ochraceus; causes tremor, recumbency, convulsions, nephrosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of citrinin, a mycotoxin produced by Penicillium citrinum on laying hens and young broiler chicks.
Synergistic effect of cItrinin on hepatorenal carcinogenesis of ochratoxin A in mice.
Besides, species of Penicillium cause kidney disease in human and pigs due to production of the mycotoxin called Citrinin [37].
One popular brand was also discovered to contain citrinin, a potential kidney toxin, according to the report.
Scientific opinion on the risk for public and animal health related to the presence of citrinin in food and feed.
Some of these minor mycotoxins include T-2 toxin, fusaric acid, cyclopiazeaic acid, patulin, gliotoxin, citrinin, and ergot alkaloids.
Aspergillus terreus is associated with aspergillosis of the lungs and/or disseminated aspergillosis and can produce the toxins patulin and citrinin, which may be associated with disease in humans and animals.
It appears that the production of polyketide azaphilone pigments from such potentially safe hosts is advantageous over traditional processes that involve Monascus, which risks co-production of the mycotoxin citrinin.
And, as if that wasn't bad enough, four out of the 12 supplements tested had detectible amounts of citrinin.
Exposure to staplabin and SMTP-7 alone decreased slightly, but not dose dependently, the viability of the macrophages, whereas ochratoxin, citrinin, and sterigmatocystin did not cause excessive cell death alone or when combined with the spores of Str.
In addition these materials are tested for their resistance to colonization by both Trichoderma haematum and Penicillium citrinin in the laboratory.
Our evaluation has insured that HPLC testing verified the monacolins to be within naturally occurring levels and further documented that citrinin was not present in significant quantities in these products.