citrate


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Related to citrate: sildenafil citrate, sodium citrate, citrate test, Potassium citrate, Calcium citrate

citrate

 [sit´rāt, si´trāt]
any anionic form, salt, or ester of citric acid.
citrate phosphate dextrose (CPD) a solution containing citric acid, sodium citrate, monobasic sodium phosphate, and dextrose that is the primary anticoagulant used for preservation of whole blood or red blood cells for up to 21 days. The official USP name is anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose solution.
citrate phosphate dextrose adenine (CPDA-1) an anticoagulant solution, containing citric acid, sodium citrate, monobasic sodium phosphate, dextrose, and adenine, used for the preservation of whole blood and red blood cells for up to 35 days; it extends red cell survival by providing adenine needed for the maintenance of red cell ATP levels. The official USP name is anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose adenine solution.

cit·rate

(sit'rāt, sī'trāt), Avoid the eccentric pronunciation sī'trāt, which is supported by precedent or analogy with related words.
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as anticoagulants because they bind calcium ions.

citrate

/cit·rate/ (sit´rāt) a salt of citric acid.
citrate phosphate dextrose  (CPD) anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose solution.
citrate phosphate dextrose adenine  (CPDA-1) anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose adenine solution.

citrate

[sit′rāt, sī′trāt]
Etymology: L, kitron, citron
1 an anion of citric acid.
2 the act of treating with a citrate or citric acid. citration, n.

cit·rate

(sit'rāt)
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as an anticoagulant because it binds calcium ions.

buffering agents

substances which when ingested induce alkalosis and so counteract and limit reduction in pH during exercise. Important agents include sodium bicarbonate and sodium citrate; the minimum dose for improvement in performance is about 2 g.kg-1 body mass. See also ergogenic aids; appendix 4.4 .

cit·rate

(sit'rāt)
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as anticoagulant.

citrate

any salt of citric acid. Citrate is the first intermediate of the citric acid cycle and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. It also plays an important role in fatty acid synthesis which takes place in the cytoplasm. It acts as a carrier of acetyl-CoA, the construction material for fatty acids. The movement is assisted by two enzymes, citrate-condensing enzyme, which catalyzes the condensation of the acetyl unit with oxaloacetate in the mitochondria, and citrate-cleavage enzyme (citrate lyase), which catalyzes the release of the acetyl radical in the cytoplasm of the cell.

citrate cleavage enzyme
important enzyme in fatty acid synthesis from glucose; catalyzes the split of citrate to acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate.
citrate synthase
first enzyme of the TCA cycle catalyzing the formation of citrate from acetyl CoA and oxaloacetate.
References in periodicals archive ?
A novel method for regional citrate anticoagulation in continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVHF).
Barr launched its generic version of Tamoxifen Citrate in February 2003.
The combination of heat and sodium citrate proved to be an effective preventive method against C.
These tablets contain the more easily absorbed calcium citrate and they do meet the RDA.
The report includes sodium citrate description, covers its application areas and related patterns.
Adding phosphates and trisodium citrate to the beverages improved their stability.
6 years) with low bone mass (T score of -1 to -4) were randomly assigned to receive, in double-blind fashion, 30 mEq per day of potassium citrate or potassium chloride for 12 months.
4]-acetate, Na-acetate, or citrate dithionite bicarbonate (CBD) extractable P by sediments and soils has been also reported (Barbanti et al.
If this scenario sounds totally unlikely, then you have not looked into the recommendations about correcting sodium citrate tubes (blue tops) for patients with high hematocrits for the APTT (activated partial thromboplastin time).
LITTLE separates Smiling Man, Lickfinn Willie, Valentia Citrate and Satellite Flight at the head of the outright market in the John J Casey Open 575 and tonight the quartet will bid to claim a place in the EUR10,000 to-thewinner competition.
Calcium Citrate plus Magnesium (Twinlab): Four capsules at bedtime (600 mg Calcium Citrate and 300 mg Magnesium Citrate).