cirrhosis of the liver


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cirrhosis of the liver

The late effects of long-term damage from various toxic or damaging agencies such as alcohol, organic poisons and viruses. Cirrhosis is the replacement of part of the normal tissue of the liver by inert, non-functioning fibrous tissue. It is the end stage of disorders which have been so damaging to the organ that the normal processes of regeneration have been unable to cope. The whole structure of the organ is invaded by fibrous tissue, causing it to become nodular. Within large nodules, some normal liver tissue may survive, but most of the functioning liver tissue is replaced. Blood now unable to pass through the liver has to try to find an alternative route back to the heart. It can do this by way of the veins draining the upper part of the intestine, especially those in the stomach and at the lower end of the gullet (OESOPHAGUS). But, in the process, these veins become greatly enlarged and varicose and one of the most serious complications of cirrhosis is bleeding from these VARICES with vomiting of blood. A study published in January 2006 showed that mortality rates from cirrhosis in Britain rose sharply in the 1990s and that the rates in Scotland more than doubled. These rises are attributed almost exclusively to excessive alcohol consumption.

Cirrhosis of the liver

A type of liver disease, most often caused by chronic alcohol abuse. It is characterized by scarring of the liver, which leads to an increase in the blood pressure in the portal veins.
Mentioned in: Bleeding Varices

Patient discussion about cirrhosis of the liver

Q. What is Liver Cirrhosis? I read that alcohol can lead to liver cirrhosis. What does cirrhosis mean?

A. The word "cirrhosis" is a neologism that derives from Greek kirrhos, meaning "orange-yellow". In this condition, the liver appears yellow in pathology from all the tissue changes and damage caused to it. Cirrhosis has many possible causes. Sometimes more than one cause is present in the same patient. In the Western World, chronic alcoholism and hepatitis C are the most common causes. The sick liver gradually loses its function, therefore leading to end stage liver disease that ultimately requires liver transplant.

Q. What are the risks of cirrhosis of liver? My dad has cirrhosis and I would like to know what are the risks and how does it get treated.

A. Death!

Q. Is alcoholism very much related to cirrhosis? I have heard that people who drink a lot get cirrhosis….is alcoholism very much related to cirrhosis?

A. HELLO ROHAN,YES alcoholism is related to CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER.liver cancer developes in about one in five sufferers of cirrhosis.HIGH alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancers of the mouth,tongue,pharynx(back of the throat),larynx(voice box),and esophagus,---liver disease caused by a high alcohol consumption include (fatty liver)-(alcoholic hepatitis)(cirrhosis)and liver cancer.ALCOHOLISM causes nervous system disorders,(confusion)(disturbance of speech)(weakness in the legs)(psychosis).the heart is affected by reducing pumping efficiency,usually combined with edema(fluid collection in the tissues.---mrfoot56

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References in periodicals archive ?
This causes a larger amount of the alcohol to reach the blood and eventually in susceptible persons can lead to cirrhosis of the liver, a disease that normally has no visible signs until liver damage is too extensive.
In the study of patients with cirrhosis of the liver, the ADRCs will be delivered through the hepatic artery.
Moreover, there is a correlation with infection with this virus and hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver, and it is possibly linked to hepatocellular carcinoma.
Hepatitis B is a chronic disease which can lead to cirrhosis of the liver.
Infantile cirrhosis of the liver in India (Synonym-Infantile biliary cirrhosis).
This follows the admission this year from former health minister Caroline Flint that three children under the age of 18 have been diagnosed with alcohol related cirrhosis of the liver in the last six years.
The patient had a history of alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver, acute renal failure, and smoking.
Researchers have reported that drinking coffee reduces the risk of contracting cirrhosis of the liver from alcohol--by 22 percent per cup each day, but stopped short of saying doctors should prescribe coffee for that reason.
Heavy drinking has long been known to increase the risk for cirrhosis of the liver, but a new study from the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program suggests that coffee drinking may reduce that risk.
New research published today in The Lancet medical journal shows that deaths from cirrhosis of the liver have soared in the UK while falling in the rest of Europe.
HCV, the most common chronic blood-borne infection in the United States, causes inflammation of the liver and may progress to more serious complications such as cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer and death.
But that's exactly what happened when 19-stone Chris was rushed into hospital with cirrhosis of the liver - caused by his 25-year fat-filled diet of burgers, chips and microwave meals.