cirrhosis of the liver


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cirrhosis of the liver

The late effects of long-term damage from various toxic or damaging agencies such as alcohol, organic poisons and viruses. Cirrhosis is the replacement of part of the normal tissue of the liver by inert, non-functioning fibrous tissue. It is the end stage of disorders which have been so damaging to the organ that the normal processes of regeneration have been unable to cope. The whole structure of the organ is invaded by fibrous tissue, causing it to become nodular. Within large nodules, some normal liver tissue may survive, but most of the functioning liver tissue is replaced. Blood now unable to pass through the liver has to try to find an alternative route back to the heart. It can do this by way of the veins draining the upper part of the intestine, especially those in the stomach and at the lower end of the gullet (OESOPHAGUS). But, in the process, these veins become greatly enlarged and varicose and one of the most serious complications of cirrhosis is bleeding from these VARICES with vomiting of blood. A study published in January 2006 showed that mortality rates from cirrhosis in Britain rose sharply in the 1990s and that the rates in Scotland more than doubled. These rises are attributed almost exclusively to excessive alcohol consumption.

Cirrhosis of the liver

A type of liver disease, most often caused by chronic alcohol abuse. It is characterized by scarring of the liver, which leads to an increase in the blood pressure in the portal veins.
Mentioned in: Bleeding Varices

Patient discussion about cirrhosis of the liver

Q. What is Liver Cirrhosis? I read that alcohol can lead to liver cirrhosis. What does cirrhosis mean?

A. The word "cirrhosis" is a neologism that derives from Greek kirrhos, meaning "orange-yellow". In this condition, the liver appears yellow in pathology from all the tissue changes and damage caused to it. Cirrhosis has many possible causes. Sometimes more than one cause is present in the same patient. In the Western World, chronic alcoholism and hepatitis C are the most common causes. The sick liver gradually loses its function, therefore leading to end stage liver disease that ultimately requires liver transplant.

Q. What are the risks of cirrhosis of liver? My dad has cirrhosis and I would like to know what are the risks and how does it get treated.

A. Death!

Q. Is alcoholism very much related to cirrhosis? I have heard that people who drink a lot get cirrhosis….is alcoholism very much related to cirrhosis?

A. HELLO ROHAN,YES alcoholism is related to CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER.liver cancer developes in about one in five sufferers of cirrhosis.HIGH alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancers of the mouth,tongue,pharynx(back of the throat),larynx(voice box),and esophagus,---liver disease caused by a high alcohol consumption include (fatty liver)-(alcoholic hepatitis)(cirrhosis)and liver cancer.ALCOHOLISM causes nervous system disorders,(confusion)(disturbance of speech)(weakness in the legs)(psychosis).the heart is affected by reducing pumping efficiency,usually combined with edema(fluid collection in the tissues.---mrfoot56

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References in periodicals archive ?
Early diagnosis, monitoring, and abiding by the physician's recommendations can all increase a patient's chance of surviving with alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver.
Kono, who heads a small faction in the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, was suffering from cirrhosis of the liver and hepatitis C and his condition had worsened, making the operation necessary.
He has just been told by his doctor that he has cirrhosis of the liver.
Chris Davies said: "Last year, nearly 800 young people in Britain died of alcohol-induced cirrhosis of the liver.
However, a recent medical checkup revealed that Sachie has developed cirrhosis of the liver, a disease that interferes with the liver's normal functions.
The professor said Evans' drinking sessions - some lasting up to 18 hours at a stretch - would cause cirrhosis of the liver, the condition which Best suffers from.
The father's liver will then be transferred to the Kyoto University Hospital in Kyoto to be transplanted to a man in his 40s suffering from cirrhosis of the liver.
Colchicine in the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver.
The medicinal benefits of bear gall are not denied in the west: Actigall, a synthetic form of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) - the active ingredient in bear gall - is used to dissolve kidney stones and treat cirrhosis of the liver.
But when she died in 1991, the doctors told her family the cause was chemical induced cirrhosis of the liver.
Cirrhosis of the liver is a degenerative disease where liver cells are damaged and replaced by scar formation.
Since they typically weigh less and have less muscle mass, they can expect to have more unpleasant side effects, such as vomiting, slurred speech, hangovers, and mood swings, and to develop cirrhosis of the liver at an earlier age.