circumplex model

Circumplex model of affect.

circumplex model

any of a variety of models that have been applied to the understanding of personality, affect or other psychological domains whereby variables are arranged in two-dimensional space into a circular array and along two orthogonal axes. Elements that lie close together on the circumference of the circle are more related than elements that lie further apart and elements lying in opposite positions on the axes are negatively related. For example, a popular model of exercise-induced affect conceptualizes affect as varying along two dimensions: valence (pleasant vs unpleasant feelings) and activation (aroused vs unaroused). Individuals can be located within the circumplex according to the combination of these two dimensions.
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These scales assess positive and negative affect as independent dimensions, with high scores on positive affect indicating highly activated positive emotions such as excitement and high scores on negative affect indicating highly activated emotions such as distress, an approach consistent with a circumplex model conceptualisation of emotion (Larsen, McGraw, & Cacioppo, 2001).
It is very similar to cohesion as defined in the Circumplex Model, the difference being that parental support is supposed to be linear.
RO1 was achieved by analysing transcripts using content analysis to identify words signifying emotion and then mapping them onto Larsen and Diener's (1992) circumplex model, which provides graphical representation of ranges of emotions.
In their description of the circumplex model of family functioning, Olson and Gorall (2003) used the concept of family cohesiveness to define the levels of togetherness and separateness of families.
A popular model for conceptualizing and assessing family systems is the Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems (Gorall, Tiesel & Olson, 2004; Olson & McCubbin, 1990; Olson, Russell & Sprenkle, 1989; Olson, Sprenkle & Russell, 1979).
By establishing a rigorous semantics for the components of affect through the clarification of their cognitive or informative antecedents, neuro-physiological content, and informative consequences, the circumplex model is transformed from a descriptive account of emotion to a predictive account that allows behavior and affect to be clearly defined and reliably mapped to simple patterns of information that in turn denotes act-outcomes relationships or behavioral contingencies.
Family communication schemata and the circumplex model of family functioning.
Unlike the results which favour a circumplex model, in our study no cluster occurs for states of low activation or alertness.
Clinical Rating Scale for the Circumplex Model of Marital and Family System (rev.
The circumplex model of marital and family systems is a graphic representation of the dynamic relationships within family systems and emphasizes how family members and their behaviors are interconnected.
However, the circumplex model was not supported in two recent studies (Hattie et al.
Similarly, the middle position in Olson's (1986, 1993) Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems, described as the balanced region of the scale, is considered optimal for family functioning.