circumplex model

Circumplex model of affect.

circumplex model

any of a variety of models that have been applied to the understanding of personality, affect or other psychological domains whereby variables are arranged in two-dimensional space into a circular array and along two orthogonal axes. Elements that lie close together on the circumference of the circle are more related than elements that lie further apart and elements lying in opposite positions on the axes are negatively related. For example, a popular model of exercise-induced affect conceptualizes affect as varying along two dimensions: valence (pleasant vs unpleasant feelings) and activation (aroused vs unaroused). Individuals can be located within the circumplex according to the combination of these two dimensions.
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1999), and Ekkekakis and Petruzzello (2002) have made a case for the use of the circumplex model in the study of exercise, thus the four unipolar dimensions of affect represented by the AD ACL (energy, tiredness, calmness, and tension) were employed as the dependent measures in the present investigation.
Circumplex model of marital and family systems: Cohesion and adaptability dimensions, family types and clinical application.
According to the circumplex model of emotion (Russell, 1980), fatigue relates to the unpleasant-low arousal quadrant of emotion, as opposed to negative mood which relates to the unpleasant-high arousal quadrant.
Olson's (1993) Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems, a resource for assessment-based treatment planning with families experiencing stress, provides a clinical and theoretical framework for studying head injury family types.
These include the core variables of general perspectives on family organization, such as the Circumplex model (Olson, Sprenkle, & Russell, 1979), as well as key elements of models concerning families faced with adverse events (Rolland, 1994; Walsh, 1998).
Moreover, the Russell's (1980) circumplex model of affect, also applied to exercise and sport settings (e.
The FACES-IV is a 62-item psychometrically valid caregiver-report measure of family functioning with 6 subscales assessing dimensions of the Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems (Olson, 2000).
Hofstee, de Raad and Goldberg (1992) fitted the trait lexicon into a five-dimensional circumplex model.
The Bowen model of family therapy (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 1991) and the Circumplex model (Olson, Russell, & Sprenkle, 1983) provide a complementary framework from which effective interventions can be designed.
If I change my measurement model from a domain sampling one to say a circumplex one (such as a circumplex model of personality put forward variously by Wiggins (1982), Peabody & Goldberg (1989), and Hofstee, De Raad & Goldberg (1992)) which makes few constraints upon the amount of overlap between traits, then item-level complexity becomes a function of the spatial separation distance in the circumplex model.