pelvic girdle

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girdle

 [ger´d'l]
an encircling or confining structure.
pectoral girdle shoulder girdle.
pelvic girdle the encircling bony structure supporting the lower limbs.
shoulder girdle (thoracic girdle) the encircling bony structure supporting the upper limbs.

pel·vic gir·dle

[TA]
the right and left hip bones, joined anteriorly at the pubic symphysis and at the sacrum posteriorly, by which the appendicular skeleton of the free lower limbs is attached to the axial skeleton, which in so doing forms a bony ring.

pelvic girdle

n.
A bony or cartilaginous structure in vertebrates, attached to and supporting the hind limbs or fins. Also called pelvic arch.

pelvic girdle

Etymology: L, pelvis, basin; AS, gyrdel
a bony ring formed by the hip bones, the sacrum, and the coccyx.

pelvic girdle

The part of the skeleton to which the lower extremities are attached. Cf Shoulder girdle.

pel·vic gir·dle

(pel'vik gĭr'dĕl) [TA]
The bony ring formed by the hip bones and the sacrum, to which the lower limbs are attached.

pelvic girdle

The ring of bones at the lower end of the spine with which the legs articulate. Compare shoulder girdle. See also PELVIS.
Pelvic girdleclick for a larger image
Fig. 248 Pelvic girdle . Anterior view of pelvic girdle in humans.

pelvic girdle

or

hip girdle

the skeletal support for the posterior limbs of vertebrates that transmits the power in locomotion from the hind limbs to the body.

pelvic girdle

; pelvis bowl-shaped bony girdle (formed by fusion of paired ischia, ilia and pubi, together with sacrum and coccyx); forming the articulation between trunk and lower limbs, and containing lower abdominal organs; frontal- and transverse-plane curvatures of the female pelvis are shallower than those of the male

girdle

an encircling or confining structure.

pelvic girdle
see pelvic girdle.
shoulder girdle
the incomplete bony ring made up of the scapulae, clavicles and coracoids (when present) sometimes incorporating the manubrium of the sternum. Called also pectoral or thoracic girdle.

pelvic

pertaining to the pelvis.

pelvic abscess
commonest in horses as a result of a rectal tear during a manual examination. The tear is only mucosa deep and the infection is deposited in the pelvic fascia where an abscess develops. This has the potential to erode into the peritoneal cavity. The syndrome begins as a toxemia and fever caused by the local abscess but a common sequel is the abrupt appearance of severe abdominal pain and toxemic shock.
pelvic bone
os coxae, comprising the ilium, ischium and pubis. See also Table 10.
pelvic canal
the canal from the pelvic inlet to the pelvic outlet.
pelvic cavity
the space bounded by the bones of the pelvis.
pelvic girdle
the bony ring formed by the pair of hip bones fused at the symphysis and their firm articulation with the sacrum, and in some species one or two coccygeal vertebrae.
pelvic inlet
the cranial opening of the pelvis.
pelvic intestinal hernia
see pelvic hernia.
pelvic ligaments
include the dorsal sacroiliac, the sacrotuberal and the iliolumbar ligaments.
pelvic limb
the hindlimb.
pelvic nerve
see Table 14.
pelvic organs
includes reproductive organs, urinary bladder, ureter, rectum.
pelvic outlet
the caudal opening of the pelvis, guarded by the pelvic diaphragm.
pelvic plexus
the autonomic plexus that is distributed to the pelvic viscera that consists of the cranial vesical plexus, the middle genital plexus and the caudal hemorrhoidal plexus, located on the ventrolateral surface of the rectum. It innervates the urinary bladder, prostate, ductus deferens and cranial urethra. It is supplied by the hypogastric and pelvic splanchnic nerves.
pelvic splanchnic nerves
pelvic symphysiotomy
surgical separation of the symphysis in immature animals as an aid in dystocia due to maternal pelvic inadequacy.
pelvic urethra
that part of the urethra that passes through the pelvis.
pelvic viscera
includes urinary bladder and pelvic ureters and urethra, rectum, prostate, seminal vesicles, vas deferens and ampullae in males, and vagina cervix and uterus, possibly ovaries, in the female.