cinchona bark


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Related to cinchona bark: Cinchona officinalis, quinine

cinchona bark

(1) China, see there. 
(2) Cinchona, see there; Cinchona species.

cinchona bark

dried bark of the stem or root of various South American trees of the genus Cinchona. It is the source of quinine, cinchonine and cinchonidine. Used as a bitter and antipyretic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among their finds, based on the help of native informants, was the cough-suppressing syrup of Tolu, the folkloric tonic sarsaparilla, coca leaves, and the febrifugal bark of the so-called Peruvian balsam tree (Myroxylon pereirae), known in Quechua as quina, meaning bark, or sometimes as quinquina, meaning bark of barks, by which name cinchona bark was often called in error.
The current popularity of herbal remedies (26) may increase the use of quinine in its natural form as an extract of cinchona bark.
Not long after French scientists Pierre Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Bienaime Caventou isolated quinine from cinchona bark in 1820, the governments of Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru unsuccessfully attempted to embargo the exportation of cinchona seeds, seedlings, or trees.
They include quinine, red and yellow cinchona barks, two forms of orris root .