dyskinesia

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dyskinesia

 [dis-ki-ne´zhah]
impairment of the power of voluntary movement.
primary ciliary dyskinesia any of a group of hereditary syndromes characterized by delayed or absent mucociliary clearance from the airways; often there is also lack of motion of sperm. One variety is Kartagener's syndrome.
tardive dyskinesia an iatrogenic disorder produced by long-term administration of antipsychotic agents; it is characterized by oral-lingual-buccal dyskinesias that usually resemble continual chewing motions with intermittent darting movements of the tongue; there may also be choreoathetoid movements of the extremities. The disorder is more common in women than in men and in the elderly than in the young, and incidence is related to drug dosage and duration of treatment. In some patients symptoms disappear within several months after antipsychotic drugs are withdrawn; in others symptoms may persist indefinitely.

dys·ki·ne·si·a

(dis'ki-nē'zē-ă), [MIM*242650]
Difficulty in performing voluntary movements; term usually used in relation to various extrapyramidal disorders.
Synonym(s): dyscinesia, dyskinesis
[dys- + G. kinēsis, movement]

dyskinesia

/dys·ki·ne·sia/ (-kĭ-ne´zhah) distortion or impairment of voluntary movement, as in tic or spasm.dyskinet´ic
biliary dyskinesia  derangement of the filling and emptying mechanism of the gallbladder.
dyskinesia intermit´tens  intermittent disability of the limbs due to impaired circulation.
orofacial dyskinesia  facial movements resembling those of tardive dyskinesia, seen in elderly, edentulous, demented patients.
primary ciliary dyskinesia  any of a group of hereditary syndromes characterized by delayed or absent mucociliary clearance from the airways, often accompanied by lack of motion of sperm.
tardive dyskinesia  an iatrogenic disorder of involuntary repetitive movements of facial, buccal, oral, and cervical muscles, induced by long-term use of antipsychotic agents, sometimes persisting after withdrawal of the agent.

dyskinesia

(dĭs′kə-nē′zhə, -kī-)
n.
An impairment in the ability to control movements, characterized by spasmodic or repetitive motions or lack of coordination.

dyskinesia

[dis′kinē′zhə]
Etymology: Gk, dys + kinesis, movement
an impairment of the ability to execute voluntary movements. Tardive dyskinesia is caused by an adverse effect of prolonged use of phenothiazine medications in elderly patients or persons with brain injuries. See also tardive dyskinesia. dyskinetic [-et′ik] , adj.

dyskinesia

Neurology An alteration in muscle movement. See Biliary dyskinesia, Tardive dyskinesia.

dys·ki·ne·si·a

(diski-nēzē-ă)
Difficulty in performing voluntary movements. Term usually used in relation to various extrapyramidal disorders.
[dys- + G. kinēsis, movement]

dyskinesia

Involuntary jerky or slow writhing movements, often of a fixed pattern. The dyskinesias include the TICS, MYOCLONUS, CHOREA and ATHETOSIS.

Dyskinesia

Impaired ability to make voluntary movements.

dyskinesia

difficulty in performing voluntary movements

dyskinesia (dis·ki·nēˑ·zhē·),

n difficulty of movement due to vertebral subluxation; one of the diagnostic components of the three-dimensional chiropractic assessment model. See also subluxation, vertebral.

dys·ki·ne·si·a

(diski-nēzē-ă) [MIM*242650]
Difficulty in performing voluntary movements; usually in relation to various extrapyramidal disorders.
[dys- + G. kinēsis, movement]

dyskinesia

impairment of the power of voluntary movement.

ciliary dyskinesia
see primary ciliary dyskinesia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fertility in men with primary ciliary dyskinesia presenting with respiratory infection.
Approximately one half of patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia have situs inversus and, thus, areclassified as having Kartagener syndrome.
A genetic basis for CRS is supported by familial tendencies as well as the association of CRS with genetic syndromes such as CF and primary ciliary dyskinesia syndrome, as discussed above.
These morphological features of electron microscopy consistent with complete ciliary aplasia which is a rare form of primary ciliary dyskinesia.
1,3) Systemic factors such as chronic infection, allergy, aspirin intolerance, cystic fibrosis, and ciliary dyskinesia are all known to be important in the pathogenesis of nasal polyposis.
Primary ciliary dyskinesia is an inherited autosomal recessive condition characterized by bronchiectasis, sinusitis and otitis media.
These include such conditions as polycystic kidney disease, retinitis pigmentosa in the eye, and rare inherited disorders such as Alstr"m syndrome, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, primary ciliary dyskinesia and nephronopthisis.
Treatment with the unit is indicated for patients having respiratory ailments that involve defective mucociliary clearance, as is typical in patients suffering from cysitc fibrosis, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, ciliary dyskinesia syndromes, asthma, muscular dystrophy, neuromuscular degenerative disorders, post-operative atelectasis and throacic wall defects.
Maintaining a consistent organization throughout the separately authored chapters, the text examines noisy breathing in infants and children, congenital malformations of the lung and airway, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sleep-disordered breathing in children, asthma, cystic fibrosis, primary ciliary dyskinesia, pulmonary complications of immunologic disorders, pneumona and bacterial pulmonary infections, tuberculosis, interstitial lung diseases, pulmonary complications of neuromuscular disease, respiratory failure in children, and viral infections of the respiratory tract.
Both women suffer from chronic middle ear, sinus, and lung problems, which the physicians finally attributed to a condition called primary ciliary dyskinesia.
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia and other ciliopathies due to defects in axonemal or intraflagellar transport-associated dyneins e.
3,4) Kartagener syndrome is included as a subgroup or part of the primary ciliary dyskinesia.