cilia


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cilia

 [sil´e-ah] (sing. cil´ium) (L.)
1. the eyelids or their outer edge.
2. the eyelashes.
3. minute hairlike processes that extend from a cell surface, composed of nine pairs of microtubules around a core of two microtubules. They beat rhythmically to move the cell or to move fluid or mucus over the surface.

cil·i·a

(sil'ē-ă),
Plural of cilium.

cilia

/cil·ia/ (sil´e-ah) sing. cil´ium   [L.]
1. the eyelids or their outer edges.
2. the eyelashes.
3. minute hairlike processes that extend from a cell surface, composed of nine pairs of microtubules around a core of two microtubules. They beat rhythmically to move the cell or to move fluid or mucus over the surface.

cilia

(sĭl′ē-ə)
n.
Plural of cilium.

cilia

[sil′ē·ə] sing. cilium
Etymology: L, eyelids or eyelashes
1 the eyelids or eyelashes.
2 small, hairlike processes projecting from epithelial cells on the outer surfaces of some cells, aiding metabolism by producing motion, eddies, or current in a fluid. In the lung, cilia wave mucus, pus, and dust upward.
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Cilia

cil·i·a

(sil'ē-ă)
Plural of cilium.

cilia

1. The microscopic hairlike processes extending from the surface of certain kinds of lining cells (ciliated epithelium) and capable of a rhythmical lashing motion.
2. Eyelashes.

cilia

see CILIUM.

Cilia

Tiny, hair-like projections from a cell. In the respiratory tract, cilia beat constantly in order to move mucus and debris up and out of the respiratory tree, in order to protect the lung from infection or irritation by foreign bodies.

cilia 

The eyelashes (singular: cilium).

cilia

[L.] plural of cilium.
1. the eyelashes.
2. minute hairlike processes that extend from a cell surface, composed of nine pairs of microtubules around a core of two microtubules. They beat rhythmically to move the cell or to move fluid or mucus over the surface. Of particular importance in the respiratory epithelium, contributing greatly to the mucociliary escalator.

cilia-associated respiratory (CAR) bacillus
gram-negative bacterium associated with severe respiratory disease in rats and possibly mice; usually associated with Mycoplasma pulmonis infection.
conjunctival cilia
see ectopic cilia (below).
ectopic cilia
arise from the conjunctival surface of the eyelids and cause corneal irritation.
eyelid cilia
the eyelashes; smaller and shorter on the lower lids and may be absent altogether in dogs and pigs. There are also longer tactile hairs on the external surface of the eyelids.
immotile cilia syndrome
References in periodicals archive ?
By contrast, iPSC-derived RPE cells exposed to the third drug, an inhibitor of cilia growth, demonstrated severely disrupted structure and functionality.
Instead, deflections of the mechanoresponsive pacemaker balancer cilia by the statolith have been shown to mediate geotactic behavior (4, 14-16).
To the researchers' surprise, the cilia changed the direction of beating in a temporal rhythm.
Burga and colleagues wondered whether CUX1 and the primary cilia changes were related.
Ohaga H, Suziki t, Fuzi Vara H, Furtani A, Kogah, a case of immotile cilia syndrome accompanied by retinitis pigmentosa.
Furthermore, by genetically restricting this cilia elongation in stem cells the researchers were able to stop the formation of new fat cells.
described a 28-year-old man with KS and normal cilia and sperm tails, but unexplained infertility.
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetic disorder which results in defective motile cilia within the human airway.
Cilia may be immotile or may show uncoordinated and inefficient movement patterns.
At the December 2010 European Conference on Microfluidics, a session was held on cilia-driven flow that inspired its participants to produce this volume on creating flows with artificial cilia that mimic natural cilia.
AMT Convention Staff--l-r: Sheryl Junius, Kathy Cilia, Jon Pfisterer, Janet Rosenberg, Mark Garcia, Diane Powell, Janine Fetro, Linda Halblander
Cilia are microscopic hair-like projections inside the lungs that cover most of our airways, they are crucial for the proper functioning of the lungs.