chronic synovitis


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chronic synovitis

Etymology: Gk, chronos, time, syn, together; L, ovum, egg; Gk, itis, inflammation
chronic inflammation of the synovial membrane of a joint. Kinds of chronic synovitis include chronic purulent synovitis and chronic serous synovitis. See also synovitis.

chronic synovitis

Synovitis in which an undue amount of fluid remains in the cavity and the membrane itself is edematous. Prolonged inflammation causes thickening of the membrane and articular structures by plastic exudation and the formation of fibrous tissue, which increases joint dysfunction and exacerbates symptoms. The joint is weak but not esp. painful, except on pressure and sometimes not even then. Movements, esp. in extension, are restricted and generally attended by crepitus or creaking. Symptoms are well marked when the patient has an excess accumulation of synovial fluid (the amount of fluid depends on the joint involved and also on the patient's body build). Fluid can be removed with a needle and syringe and sent to the laboratory for analysis.
See also: synovitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Seven cases identified from a 10-year search of the files at Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island (Pawtucket, RI) and coded as marked chronic synovitis or rheumatoid synovitis were stained with PAS stain.
10) Levels of IL-6 and its soluble receptor in synovial fluid show significant correlation with measures of chronic synovitis and the severity of joint destruction in patients with RA.
Chronic synovitis and HLA B27 in patients with severe hemophilia.
Synovial biopsy report came as non-specific chronic synovitis.

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