chronic sialadenitis

chronic sialadenitis

Chronic inflammation of a salivary gland.

Aetiology
Sialolithiasis, radiation therapy.
 
DiffDx on FNA
Normal salivary gland, lymphoepithelial sialadenitis, Warthin tumour, basaloid neoplasms, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, intraductal instillation of penicillin or saline has been reported to be a successful technique for treating chronic sialadenitis.
Treatment of chronic sialadenitis by intraductal penicillin or saline.
Chronic sialadenitis is often a manifestation of lithiasis or other obstruction of the salivary gland ducts.
However, the degree of atypia and cellular discohesion is less in chronic sialadenitis as compared with these malignant alternatives.
The findings resemble those of usual cases of chronic sialadenitis with the exception that fragments of sclerotic material may be more prominent (3) (Figure 3, A and B).
5) Recurrent or continuous obstruction of a salivary duct may lead to acute or chronic sialadenitis or even to the perforation of the oral mucosa.
MECs must be distinguished from necrotizing sialometaplasia, chronic sialadenitis, cystadenoma, cystadenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, clear cell carcinoma (not otherwise specified), and metastatic tumors.
Indications for surgery were chronic sialadenitis in 13 patients, benign pleomorphic adenoma in 4, a submandibular dermoid cyst in 1, and Warthin's tumor in 1.
These findings, however, are nonspecific; they are also seen in chronic sialadenitis and granulomatous diseases.
She had previously been treated for chronic sialadenitis with a sialodochoplasty and a dilation of Stensen's duct.
Two fine-needle aspiration cytologies showed inflammatory changes compatible with chronic sialadenitis.
Examination of the adjacent parotid gland revealed a chronic sialadenitis with interstitial fibrosis.

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