myofascial pain syndrome

(redirected from chronic myofascial pain)
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myofascial pain syndrome

A chronic, nonprogressive, nondegenerative and non-inflammatory musculoskeletal pain syndrome, which is characterised by local or referred pain evoked at multiple trigger points and accompanied by stiffness, weakness, “knot formation”, and decreased range of motion in precise, specific patterns.
 
Clinical findings
Generalised pain—head, neck, chest, joints, pelvis, back, sciatica.
 
Management
Three-step analgesic ladder: injection with local anaesthetics, steroids, anti-inflammatories.

Mechanism
Possibly autonomic dysfunction.

myofascial pain syndrome

(mī″ă-făsh′ăl, shē-ăl),

MFP

A chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder characterized by the presence of trigger points; decreased range of motion in affected muscle groups; weakness; and, on occasion, local autonomic disturbances such as localized perspiration.
References in periodicals archive ?
Forty patients with an average age of 75 years were selected, and all participants suffered from chronic myofascial pain syndrome in their upper trapezius.
Excerpted from "Fibromyalgia and Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome: A Survival Guide" by DJ Starlanyl and ME Copeland.
The Holistic Physical Therapy Clinic, specializing in the rehabilitation and treatment of chronic myofascial pain syndromes and musculoskeletal orthopedic and sports injuries, today announced its ability to integrate the methodologies of physical therapy, chiropractic care and myofascial tensegrity soft-tissue techniques into all aspects of patient diagnosis, treatment and care.
About the Holistic Physical Therapy Clinic: The Clinic provides complete care for all types of chronic myofascial pain syndromes and musculoskeletal orthopedic and sports injuries by blending physical therapy, chiropractic care and myofascial tensegrity soft-tissue techniques into an approach to good health emphasizing the connection of mind, body and spirit.
Numerous noninvasive methods--such as stretching, massage, ischemic compression, laser therapy, heat, acupressure, ultrasound, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, biofeedback, and pharmacological treatments--have been used to alleviate chronic myofascial pain, but no single strategy has proved to be universally successful," according to Leonid Kalichman, PT, PhD, and Simon Vulfsons, MD.
Gur A, Sarac AJ, Cevik R, Altindag O, Sarac S (2004) Efficacy of 904 nm gallium arsenide low level laser therapy in the management of chronic myofascial pain in the neck: a double-blind and randomize-controlled trial.
Heather Tick, MD, is a family physician who's developed special skills for dealing with chronic myofascial pain.

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