chronic alcoholism


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chron·ic al·co·hol·ism

a pathologic condition, affecting chiefly the nervous and gastroenteric systems, associated with impairment in social and occupational functioning, caused by the habitual use of alcoholic beverages in toxic amounts.

chronic alcoholism

a pathological condition resulting from the habitual use of alcohol in excessive amounts. The syndrome involves complex cultural, psychological, social, and physiological factors and usually impairs an individual's health and ability to function normally in society. Symptoms of the disease include anorexia, diarrhea, weight loss, neurological and psychiatric disturbances (most notably depression), and fatty deterioration of the liver, sometimes leading to cirrhosis. Treatment depends on the severity of the disease and its resulting complications; nutritional therapy, use of tranquilizers in the detoxification process, and hospitalization may be necessary. Alcoholism is not often detected in patients admitted to the hospital for care after an accident or for esophagitis, gastritis, peripheral neuropathy, anemia, or depression, all of which are secondary effects of alcoholism. If the patient is to undergo an operation, it is imperative that the anesthesiologist be notified of the condition, which can affect sensitivity to anesthetics. Alcoholism is a family disease, and the health professional can be instrumental in guiding the patient's family to seek treatment. Long-term support for alcoholics and their families is offered by such organizations as Alcoholics Anonymous, Al-Anon, Alateen, and rehabilitation facilities for alcoholism. Compare acute alcoholism. See also alcoholism.

chron·ic al·co·hol·ism

(kronik alkŏ-hol-izm)
Pathologic condition, affecting chiefly the nervous and gastroenteric systems, associated with impairment in social and occupational functioning, caused by the habitual use of alcoholic beverages in toxic amounts.

chronic alcoholism

; CA habitual ingestion of toxic amounts of alcohol, characterized by neurological (central and peripheral nervous system) and hepatic dysfunction, painful distal sensory neuropathies and Dupuytren's contracture; subjects may not be suitable for local anaesthesia due to reduced liver function and possible compliance problems with postoperative care

chron·ic al·co·hol·ism

(kronik alkŏ-hol-izm)
Pathologic condition, affecting chiefly the nervous and gastroenteric systems, associated with impairment in social and occupational functioning, caused by the habitual use of alcoholic beverages in toxic amounts.

Patient discussion about chronic alcoholism

Q. Alcoholism Steve 26 yr old suffered with bi-polar and the related drugs that eventually lead to his over dose. He died in where he felt a connection to the intellectual environment. After suffering with Steve for so many years, I am convinced that this disease is genetic; his grandmother also suffered with drug addiction and a mental disorder, but had that gene that must have been inherited by Steve. Any one in the area of mental health and genetic engineering Research? We want to set up or get involved with public awareness on the devastation of this disease which kills 100+ thousands in this country each year; yet society treats it as a social problem -- The advancement of mental research has been slow almost medieval -- Please help. No one, no family should have to suffer the way my beautiful son suffered and who had so much to give to humanity.

A. I,m going to tell you a story: I was born in Newark,New Jersey in 1956,my sister was born 1953.Me an my sister were both born with asthma.my mother liked to party alot with her friends,an my father drank at work sometimes an when he got home,every day at 5pm.One day when i was 6yrs old,my sister got sick(asthma attack). I remember my grand mother trying to get my mother to take my sister to the hospital,to call my father,finally when my sister almost stopped breath she was taken to the hospital-it was to late.If my parents had of been sober my sister would be here to day,This was my first exsperiance with ALCOHOL---growing up was not easy when i was young i used to go hide when my father came home(IT WAS VERY BAD) my father used to come home from work,get drunk an start to holla at my mother if denner was not the way he liked--he would holla,yell for no reason most of the time(THIS MAN WAS EVIL)--in those days people did not care about addiction like now-he is dead thank god?

Q. ALCOHOLISM what effect does it have on the digestive system?

A. Alcohol may increase the risk of developing cancers of the digestive system, including mouth, esophagus, as well as large bowel cancer, pancreas and liver.

Alcohol is well known to damage the pancreas and the liver, important parts of the digestive tract.

You may read more here:
www.mayoclinic.com/health/alcohol/SC00024

Q. alcoholism I am 17 years old and I love to drink alcohol. I go out partying and drinking every night with my friends. How can I tell if I am an alcoholic or just like to drink?

A. At age 17, it may seem like fun to go out and party and get drunk every night, but its symptomatic that you have let your self cross over the line that leads to self destruction. You have already admitted that you are worried about becoming an alcoholic and being referred to as a "drunk". If that bothers you, you had better get help or stop. If it doesn't bother you that people see you as "a drunk", then there's no point in anyone making any further replies to your post. Sooner or later, something bad will surely happen, that may make you wise up. But for many alcoholics which includes me, they have to hit absolute "rock bottom". Your life will surely go "south" if you keep it up, until you either wise up because of the hangovers, or you get to the bitter end of your rope. The end of the rope could be any of the following: jail, death, car wreck, lose job, lose spouse through divorce, get thrown out of the house, get sick from heart disease, beco

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References in periodicals archive ?
A central target for pharmacologic intervention in chronic alcoholism is the phenomenon of craving.
The relative risk of ischemic stroke in the young on a background of hereditary factor, chronic alcoholism, cigarette smoking, long-term use of oral contraceptives was respectively 1.
Patients with chronic hypertension or chronic alcoholism, late initiation of antibacterial therapy, consciousness disorders, abnormal features at chest auscultation, oligoanuria, jaundice, hyperamylasemia, or high aspartate aminotransferase levels may benefit from early intensive and specific management.
The innovations enabling discoveries also have generalized to other areas of neuroscience, exemplified by our understanding of neural degradation with chronic alcoholism and repair with sobriety.
n A man died of chronic alcoholism and pneumonia at Barry police station in October 2004.
The case of patient B has presented an example of secondary acquired sideroblastic anaemia caused by chronic alcoholism and associated folate deficiency.
After excluding patients with serious illnesses such as cancer, HIV infection, cirrhosis, and chronic alcoholism, and those with less than 2 years of baseline data, the study included 234,010 new episodes of NSAID use and 48,710 new episodes of coxib use, with a total of 363,037 person-years of follow-up.
Many patients who are intoxicated at the time of injury have a significant history of chronic alcoholism," he said in an interview.
Any person interested in the social history of drinking, the problems associated with problem drinking and chronic alcoholism, and the rise of modern medicine and medical care will surely benefit from the careful consideration of the contents of this valuable work.
THE EFFECT OF THE OIL OF COPAIBA IN THE TESTICLES OF RATS SUBMITTED TO CHRONIC ALCOHOLISM.
Her medical history comprised diabetes mellitus for 15 years and chronic alcoholism for the last 5 years.

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