Objective: Intraoperative flexible choledochoscopy can help in the diagnosis and treatment of various biliary tract diseases by providing direct visualization of the bile ducts.
Methodology: Choledochoscopy was performed via a vertical choledochotomy using a flexible choledochoscope during the surgical procedures on the patients, who were operated on because of hepato-biliary-pancreatic system diseases, and the choledochotomy line was closed by primary closure, t-tube application or choledochoduodenal anastomosis.
KEYWORDS: Biliary tract, Choledoch, Choledochoscopy.
1-3 After the first experience with choledochoscopy by Kawai et al.
These factors rendered choledochoscopy a valuable endoscopic procedure in the diagnosis and treatment of biliary tract diseases.