cholangiohepatitis

cholangiohepatitis

[kō·lan′jē·ōhep′ə·tī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, chole, bile + angeion, vessel + hepar, liver + -itis, inflammation
severe inflammation of the bile passages, often associated with liver fluke infestation that causes obstruction of the bile ducts.

cho·lan·gi·o·hep·a·ti·tis

(kŏ-lanjē-ō-hepă-tītis)
Inflammation of the bile ducts and liver.

cholangiohepatitis

inflammation of the biliary system and, by extension, of the periportal hepatic parenchyma. In large animals, it is nearly always the result of parasitic infestation, sometimes complicated by the presence of bacteria; sporidesmin, the toxin of Pithomyces chartarum, causes a specific cholangiohepatitis. Crystal-associated cholangiohepatopathy has a similar pathogenesis. Primary bacterial cholangiohepatitis is uncommon in animals. In cats, a cholangiohepatitis of unknown etiology occurs, often in association with a low-grade interstitial pancreatitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cholangiohepatitis, or inflammation of the liver and the biliary system, which includes the gallbladder and bile ducts
In Colombia, it has been observed in slaughtered cattle, mononuclear cell cholangiohepatitis, foamy macrophages, moderate bile pigment accumulation, hepatocyte death, binucleated hepatocytes, moderate bile duct hyperplasia and multiple foci of mild fibrosis in portal areas caused by B.
Other postmortem diagnoses were cholangiohepatitis, atherosclerosis, tubulointerstitial nephritis, membranoproliferative glomerulopathy, pneumonia, encephalitis, and enteritis with intraluminal ascarids.
Cholangitis/cholangiohepatitis is a potentially fatal liver disease and should be considered as a disease complex consisting of cholangitis, cholangiohepatitis and biliary cirrhosis where the tissues involved are either the biliary tree alone or more commonly the biliary tree and surrounding hepatocellular parenchyma.
Cholangiohepatitis is an inflammation of the biliary system and, by extension, of the local hepatic parenchyma.
Acute supportive cholangitis and cholangiohepatitis occur due to the presence of bacteria which originate in the gut and ascend to the lower bile duct due to various predisposing conditions (biliary stasis, cholelithiasis, chronic pancreatitis, irritable bowel disease, biliary strictures, anatomic abnormalities, etc).
In addition, compared with CT, MRI is better able to evaluate inflammatory changes that are associated with hepatitis and cholangiohepatitis with greater sensitivity.
7,8] The organism can be localized to the cytoplasm of epithelial cells of the gallbladder, bile ducts, and small intestine, where it is associated with a proliferative cholecystitis, cholangiohepatitis, and enteropathy, which closely resembles the conditions seen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected human patients.
In this case, hepatitis or cholangiohepatitis is often found at processing, leading to an increase in liver condemnation (LEE et al.
Unraveling the mystery of feline cholangiohepatitis.
Unless the disease is treated promptly, the prognosis for cholangiohepatitis is poor.
Acquired PSSs develop secondary to portal hypertension and are associated with diseases as cirrhosis, chronic cholangiohepatitis, hepatic neoplasia and arteriovenous fistulas.