chlortetracycline


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Related to chlortetracycline: Aureomycin, oxytetracycline, Chlortetracycline hydrochloride

chlortetracycline

 [klor″tet-rah-si´klēn]
a broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces aureofaciens, used in the form of the hydrochloride salt as an antibacterial (effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria) and as an antiprotozoal agent. It is administered orally, intravenously, or topically to the skin or eye. Side effects include gastrointestinal disturbances, especially diarrhea.

chlortetracycline

/chlor·tet·ra·cy·cline/ (-tet-rah-si´klēn) a broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces aureofaciens; used as the hydrochloride salt.

chlortetracycline

An antibiotic obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces aureofaciens . A brand name is Deteclo. With TRIAMCINOLONE it is marketed as Aureocort.

antibiotic 

1. Pertaining to the ability to destroy or inhibit other living organisms.
2. A substance derived from a mould or bacterium, or produced synthetically, that destroys (bactericidal) or inhibits the growth (bacteriostatic) of other microorganisms and is thus used to treat infections. Some substances have a narrow spectrum of activity whereas others act against a wide range of both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms (broad-spectrum antibiotics). Antibiotics can be classified into several groups according to their mode of action on or within bacteria: (1) Drugs inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis, such as bacitracin, vancomycin and the β-lactams based agents (e.g. penicillin, cephalosporins (e.g. ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime). (2) Drugs affecting the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane, such as polymyxin B sulfate and gramicidin. (3) Drugs inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis, such as aminoglycosides (e.g. amikacin sulfate, framycetin sulfate, gentamicin, neomycin sulfate and tobramycin), tetracyclines, macrolides (e.g. erythromycin and azithromycin) and chloramphenicol. (4) Drugs inhibiting the intermediate metabolism of bacteria, such as sulfonamides (e.g. sulfacetamide sodium) and trimethoprim. (5) Drugs inhibiting bacterial DNA synthesis, such as nalixidic acid and fluoroquinolones (e.g. ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, norfloxacin and ofloxacin). (6) Other antibiotics such as fusidic acid, the diamidines, such as propamidine isethionate and dibrompropamidine. Syn. antibacterial. See antiinflammatory drug; fusidic acid.

chlortetracycline (klôr´tetrəsī´klēn),

n (Aureomycin) a broad-spectrum antibiotic possessing bacteriostatic properties of some value in the treatment of disease produced by large viruses (the psittacosis and lymphogranuloma inguinale groups).

chlortetracycline

a broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces aureofaciens, used in the form of the hydrochloride salt as an antibacterial (effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria) and as a feed additive to promote growth in calves, pigs and poultry. See also tetracycline.
References in periodicals archive ?
In an investigation of feeds labeled as nonmedicated, 44% (71 of 161) actually contained antimicrobials, and more than one-third (87 of 247) of feeds labeled as medicated contained undeclared antimicrobials, most notably chlortetracycline, sulfonamides, penicillin, and ionophores (Lynas et al.
a) Regular applications of chlortetracycline ointments along the lid margins
Effect of feeding chlortetracycline on the reservoir of Salmonella typhimurium in experimentally infected swine.
human-medicine antibiotics currently used in livestock and poultry food include arsanilic acid, avoparcin, bacitracin, bam bermycin, chlortetracycline, erythromycin, furazolidone, glycopeptides, lincomycin, neomycin sulfate, nitrofurazone, 3-nitro-4-hydroxy phenylarsonic acid, oleandomycin, oxytetracycline, penicillin, procaine penicillin, sodium arsanilate, streptogramin, streptomycin, sulfamethazine, sulfaquinox-aline, sulfathiazole, tetracycline, tylosin, vancomycin, and virginiamycin;
Percentages of capacitated and acrosome-reacted spermatozoa were determined by the chlortetracycline (CTC) fluorescence assay described by Kuroda et al.
The tetracyclines group of dairy antibiotics is used to treat bovine mastitis, and includes tetracycline, chlortetracycline, and oxytetracycline.
Residue content of beef feedlot manure after feeding diethylstilbestrol, chlortetracycline and ronnel and the use of stirofos to reduce population of fly larvae in feedlot manure.
19% of an antibiotic mixture which provided 150 ppm chlortetracycline, 80 ppm colistin sulfate and 50 ppm kitasamycin (positive control, PC).
And it was researchers at Pearl River who discovered Aureomycin chlortetracycline, one of the first broad-spectrum antibiotics.
The broilers were randomly allotted to 3 dietary treatments (Table 1) including i) NC: a negative control group fed with a corn-soybean meal based diet without chlortetracycline and FSE; ii) PC: a positive control group fed a diet with 80 mg chlortetracycline/kg diet during 1 to 21 d, and 50 mg/kg during 22 to 42 d; iii) FC: a test group fed with 100 mg FSE/kg diet.
History of life-threatening allergic reaction to the antibiotics polymixin B, streptomycin, chlortetracycline and neomycin.