chloropicrin


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chlor·o·pic·rin

(klōr'ō-pik'rin),
A toxic lung irritant and lacrimatory gas; also causes vomiting, colic, and diarrhea, and is therefore called vomiting gas.
Synonym(s): nitrochloroform

chloropicrin

(klôr′ə-pĭk′rĭn)
n.
An oily colorless liquid, CCl3NO2, that causes skin, lung, and mucous membrane irritation and is used in tear gas and in dyestuffs, disinfectants, insecticides, and soil fumigants. Also called nitrochloroform.

chloropicrin

a disinfectant for use on cereal grains. Can cause intense lacrimation if inhaled. Taken orally it causes vomiting, colic and diarrhea. Called also trichloronitromethane.
References in periodicals archive ?
Emissions of chloropicrin were lower than 1,3-D emissions (data not shown) because of the lower amount of chloropicrin applied and its faster degradation; following an application of Telone C35, it's 1,3-D that is the major concern for worker safety in an emissions surge.
The experiment included 10 treatments with 1,3-D in a split plot design with surface treatments as the main plots and two application shank types as the subplots, as well as an unfumigated control and a methyl bromide plus chloropicrin standard for comparison (table 2).
Pic-Clor 60: fumigant product containing 60% chloropicrin and 39% 1,3-D
Currently about 68% of the California strawberry acreage is fumigated with alternatives to methyl bromide, primarily drip-applied mixtures of 1,3-D plus chloropicrin (InLine, Pic-Clor 60) or chloropicrin emulsified formulation (Pic-EC) (CADPR 2011).
Chloropicrin use, since December 2012, is restricted by U.
Chloropicrin is an effective soil disease control agent when used alone at 100 to 300 pounds per acre.
Alternative fumigants permitted for use in California strawberries are 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D), chloropicrin and, as of December 2010, methyl iodide.
These chemicals can react with fumigants such as methyl bromide, 1,3-D, chloropicrin and iodomethane (methyl iodide) to form nonvolatile compounds by dehalogenation (Gan, Yates, Becker, et al.
Agricultural Fumigants Market by Type (Methyl Bromide, Phosphine, Chloropicrin, Metam Sodium, 1, 3-Dichloropropene), Application (Soil and Warehouse), Form (Gas, Solid, Liquid), and by Region - Global Forecast to 2021
One week later the plastic was removed and the substrate was kept on air during one week to release the chloropicrin.
Tenders are invited for supply of mbr cans of 680 gms each as per ias 1312-1980 with upto date amendments containing 2 percentage chloropicrin.
The treatments-1,3-dichforopropene + chloropicrin (578 kg/ha shank injected), iodomethane + chloropicrin (515 kg/ha shank injected or 448 kg/ha drip applied) and propargyl bromide (221 kg/ha shank injected or 207 kg/ha drip applied)--controlled root-knot and citrus nematodes equal to methyl bromide (507 kg/ha shank injected) during an eight-year evaluation period.