chloride

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chloride

 [klor´īd]
a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd),
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chloride

/chlo·ride/ (klor´īd) a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine in which the latter is the negative element.

chloride

[klôr′īd]
Etymology: Gk, chloros, green
an anion of chlorine. Metal chlorides are salts of hydrochloric acid; the most common is sodium chloride (table salt).

chloride

Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, (e.g., salts of hydrochloric acid).

chloride

1. a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.
2. the principal anion in extracellular fluid and gastric juice.
Because of its domination of the anions in extracellular and intravascular fluid, it has profound importance for acid-base balance and for the regulation of osmotic pressure in these fluid compartments.

chloride pump
an active secretory process at a barrier membrane that facilitates the transfer of chloride ions across the membrane.
chloride shift
diffusion of chloride ions from the plasma into the erythrocytes to compensate for the loss of bicarbonate ions from the cells as a result of carbon dioxide metabolism. Called also Hamburger shift.