chloral betaine


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chlo·ral be·ta·ine

the adduct formed by chloral hydrate and betaine; it is slowly hydrolyzed in the alimentary tract to chloral hydrate; used as a hypnotic and sedative.

chloral betaine

Cloral betaine, a sedative drug. A brand name is Welldorm.

chlo·ral be·ta·ine

(klōrăl bātă-ēn)
Combined chloral hydrate and betaine used as a hypnotic and sedative.

chloral

1. an oily liquid with a pungent, irritating odor, prepared by the mutual action of alcohol and chlorine; used in the manufacture of chloral hydrate and DDT.
2. vernacular contraction of the term chloral hydrate.

chloral betaine
formed by the reaction of chloral hydrate with betaine; used as a sedative.
chloral hydrate
rarely if ever used in small animals. Widely used as a hypnotic, analgesic and anesthetic agent in large animals, especially in horses. Has many disadvantages and has been superseded by many much more satisfactory preparations. Its continued use is a matter of economics. Chloral hydrate may be administered orally but is erratic and slow-acting in its effects by this route. Intravenously the effects are immediate; injection outside the vein causes a very severe cellulitis usually terminating in an extensive slough of tissue.
Chloral hydrate is a poor analgesic and severely depressant of respiratory and vasomotor centers in the medulla.
chloral hydrate and guaiacol glyceryl ether
used as an anesthetic combination in horses; combines muscular relaxation with hypnotic effect.
chloral hydrate and magnesium sulfate
an anesthetic preparation used in horses. Combines the hypnotic effect of chloral and the neuromuscular blocking effect of magnesium.
chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate and pentobarbital sodium