chloral


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Related to chloral: chloral hydrate

chloral

 [klor´al]
1. an oily liquid with a pungent, irritating odor; used in the manufacture of chloral hydrate and DDT.
chloral hydrate a sedative and hypnotic used primarily as an adjunct to anesthesia and for sedation of children before certain medical or dental procedures. It is now rarely used for management of insomnia. The Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) guidelines for long-term care facilities discourages the use of chloral hydrate. The National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference on the Treatment of Sleep Disorders of Older People noted that hypnotic medications such as this should not be the mainstay of management of most causes of disturbed sleep.

chlo·ral

(klōr'ăl),
A thin oily liquid with a pungent odor, formed by the action of chlorine gas on alcohol.
Synonym(s): anhydrous chloral

chloral

/chlo·ral/ (klor´al)
1. an oily liquid with a pungent, irritating odor; used in the manufacture of chloral hydrate and DDT.

chloral hydrate  a hypnotic and sedative, now used mainly as an adjunct to anesthesia and as a sedative for children undergoing medical and dental procedures.

chloral

1. an oily liquid with a pungent, irritating odor, prepared by the mutual action of alcohol and chlorine; used in the manufacture of chloral hydrate and DDT.
2. vernacular contraction of the term chloral hydrate.

chloral betaine
formed by the reaction of chloral hydrate with betaine; used as a sedative.
chloral hydrate
rarely if ever used in small animals. Widely used as a hypnotic, analgesic and anesthetic agent in large animals, especially in horses. Has many disadvantages and has been superseded by many much more satisfactory preparations. Its continued use is a matter of economics. Chloral hydrate may be administered orally but is erratic and slow-acting in its effects by this route. Intravenously the effects are immediate; injection outside the vein causes a very severe cellulitis usually terminating in an extensive slough of tissue.
Chloral hydrate is a poor analgesic and severely depressant of respiratory and vasomotor centers in the medulla.
chloral hydrate and guaiacol glyceryl ether
used as an anesthetic combination in horses; combines muscular relaxation with hypnotic effect.
chloral hydrate and magnesium sulfate
an anesthetic preparation used in horses. Combines the hypnotic effect of chloral and the neuromuscular blocking effect of magnesium.
chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate and pentobarbital sodium
References in periodicals archive ?
The chloral taking effect, she imagines that a baby is safely in her arms, possibly Nettie's, possibly hers.
It is shown that method of electron beam evaporation in vacuum of stainless steel and salts of the alkaline metal halogenides with different melting temperatures (chloral sodium and chloral potassium) allows producing in joint deposition of their vapor flows porous condensates, temperature dependence of porosity of which is of nonmonotonous character with maximum in the area of 0.
No differences in the use of rescue medication (lorazepam, diazepam, or chloral hydrate) were found between the risperidone and placebo group.
2 Mickey Finn: Name of the bartenderwho worked in Chicago in 1896-1906 and served knockout drinks containing chloral hydrate to customers who were then robbed
There are five drugs in this category: chloral hydrate (for example, Somnote), ramelteon (Rozerem), zaleplon (Sonata), and low-dose (25-75 mg) trazodone (Desyrel), all risk factor C, and zolpidem (Ambien), risk factor B.
Antihistamines (Besana, Fiocchi, De Bartolomeis, Magno, & Donati, 1984; France, Blampied, & Wilkinson, 1991), benzodiazepines (Glick, Schulman, & Turecki, 1971; Kuhn & Weidinger, 2000), chloral hydrate (Biban, Baraldi, Pettenazzo, Filippone, & Zacchello, 1993; Kuhn & Weidinger, 2000; Steinberg, 1993), and melatonin (Camfield, Gordon, Dooley, & Camfield, 1996; Cassone & Natesan, 1997; Jan, Espezel, Freeman, & Fast, 1998; Sheldon, 1998) have all been studied, with mixed results.
17] Margaret crosses this boundary when, empowered by the chloral which has been prescribed as the cure for her illness, she manifests her 'madness' by speaking with a "fearful kind of clarity": "'Don't you think that queer ?
His hypersomnia largely disappeared as we eliminated ziprasidone, 3000 mg/d of Chloral hydrate, and lowered both clonazepam and clozapine doses substantially.
Broward County medical examiner Dr Joshua Perper said Smith had nine drugs in her system, but a dose of the sleeping medication chloral hydrate "tipped the balance".
7) Although sympathectomy and the rice diet were later advised for specific patients with the most severe hypertension, bed rest, emotional tranquility, weight reduction, and sedatives, including phenobarbital and chloral hydrate, as well as vasodilators such as nitroglycerin were often all that was available.
The chemicals include anhydrides (such as acetic, butyric, phthalic, succinic, malaic, propionic, and butyric anhydride), acid chlorides, ketene carboxylic acids, isocyanates, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, difunctional aldehydes, chloral, phthaldehydic acid, dimethyl sulfate, alkyl chlorides, [beta]-propiolactone, acrylonitrile, and epoxides (such as ethylene, propylene, and butylene oxides, and difunctional epoxides).
Sedatives like chloral hydrate are also unapproved.