chloral


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Related to chloral: chloral hydrate

chloral

 [klor´al]
1. an oily liquid with a pungent, irritating odor; used in the manufacture of chloral hydrate and DDT.
chloral hydrate a sedative and hypnotic used primarily as an adjunct to anesthesia and for sedation of children before certain medical or dental procedures. It is now rarely used for management of insomnia. The Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) guidelines for long-term care facilities discourages the use of chloral hydrate. The National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference on the Treatment of Sleep Disorders of Older People noted that hypnotic medications such as this should not be the mainstay of management of most causes of disturbed sleep.

chlo·ral

(klōr'ăl),
A thin oily liquid with a pungent odor, formed by the action of chlorine gas on alcohol.
Synonym(s): anhydrous chloral

chloral

/chlo·ral/ (klor´al)
1. an oily liquid with a pungent, irritating odor; used in the manufacture of chloral hydrate and DDT.

chloral hydrate  a hypnotic and sedative, now used mainly as an adjunct to anesthesia and as a sedative for children undergoing medical and dental procedures.

chloral

1. an oily liquid with a pungent, irritating odor, prepared by the mutual action of alcohol and chlorine; used in the manufacture of chloral hydrate and DDT.
2. vernacular contraction of the term chloral hydrate.

chloral betaine
formed by the reaction of chloral hydrate with betaine; used as a sedative.
chloral hydrate
rarely if ever used in small animals. Widely used as a hypnotic, analgesic and anesthetic agent in large animals, especially in horses. Has many disadvantages and has been superseded by many much more satisfactory preparations. Its continued use is a matter of economics. Chloral hydrate may be administered orally but is erratic and slow-acting in its effects by this route. Intravenously the effects are immediate; injection outside the vein causes a very severe cellulitis usually terminating in an extensive slough of tissue.
Chloral hydrate is a poor analgesic and severely depressant of respiratory and vasomotor centers in the medulla.
chloral hydrate and guaiacol glyceryl ether
used as an anesthetic combination in horses; combines muscular relaxation with hypnotic effect.
chloral hydrate and magnesium sulfate
an anesthetic preparation used in horses. Combines the hypnotic effect of chloral and the neuromuscular blocking effect of magnesium.
chloral hydrate, magnesium sulfate and pentobarbital sodium
References in periodicals archive ?
Polymer solution was divided into four parts each of 30 mL, the first three parts contain 4ml of DCP and 4ml of TBPB indicator with different concentrations of chloral hydrate as 0.
Chloral hydrate in pediatric magnetic resonance imaging: evaluation of a 10-year sedation experience administered by radiologists.
Chloral hydrate is widely used as sole agent to induce anesthesia in equines.
Following anesthesia with intraperitoneal 10% chloral hydrate (300 mg/kg), right nephrectomy was done in these animals.
Cross sections were cut by hand, bleached in commercial sodium hypochlorite and 5% chloral hydrate, stained in 1% safranin; zinc chloride-iodide and phloroglucin microchemical tests were applied for examination of cellulose and lignified fiber walls respectively (D'Ambrogio 1996).
1]) and four (16%) received a single daily dose of codeine (two with sucrose, two with chloral hydrate: one of each of these required infusion rate increase; maximum rates were 129 to 243 [micro]g x [kg.
Comparison of chloral hydrate and midazolam for sedation of neonates for neuroimaging studies.
He had already become interested in eye surgery and had experimented with anesthetizing the eye with morphine, ether spray, chloral hydrate and potassium bromide, all of which were known to have effects on the nervous system.
5mg/kg was administered as a pre-anesthetic and chloral hydrate 1gm/10kg as a general anesthetic, intravenously.
To assess the trend of vascular tissue differentiation of 14-day old seedlings, primordial leaves covering the vegetative shoot meristem were removed and stained with chloral lactophenol before examining under a Zeiss stereomicroscope.
Surface preparations of floral parts were mounted in 50% v/v glycerol solution either directly or by clearing the organ with chloral hydrate solution, followed by mounting in 50% v/v glycerol solution[7].
CYP2E1 is the most important enzyme in the conversion of TRI to chloral hydrate through intermediate metabolite(s) formation (Nakajima et al.