chloracne


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chloracne

 [klor-ak´ne]
an acneiform eruption, caused by exposure to chlorine compounds.

chlor·ac·ne

(klōr-ak'nē),
An acnelike eruption due to occupational contact, by inhalation or ingestion or through the skin, with certain chlorinated compounds (naphthalenes and diphenyls) used as insulators, insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides, including Agent Orange; keratinous plugs (comedones) form in the pilosebaceous orifices, and variously sized small papules (2 to 4 mm) develop.
Synonym(s): tar acne

chloracne

/chlor·ac·ne/ (klor-ak´ne) an acneiform eruption due to exposure to chlorine compounds.

chloracne

(klôr-ăk′nē)
n.
An acnelike skin disorder caused by prolonged exposure to chlorinated hydrocarbons.

chloracne

[klôrak′nē]
Etymology: Gk, chloros, green, akme, point
a skin condition characterized by small, black follicular plugs and papules on exposed surfaces, especially on the arms, face, and neck, of workers in contact with chlorinated compounds, such as cutting oils, paints, varnishes, and lacquers. Avoidance of contact with chlorinated compounds or the use of protective garments prevents the condition.

chloracne

An acneiform eruption of blackheads, cysts and pustules on the cheeks, behind the ears, in axilla and the groin, linked to exposure to halogenated aromatic compounds (e.g., chlorinated dioxins and dibenzofurans, and herbicides such as Agent Orange).

chloracne

Occupational dermatology A condition caused by halogenated organic compounds–eg, chlorinated chemicals

chlor·ac·ne

, chlorine acne (klōr-ak'nē, klōr'ēn ak'nē)
An occupational acnelike eruption due to prolonged contact with some chlorinated compounds.
Enlarge picture
CHLORACNE: In a Vietnam veteran who was exposed to Agent Orange

chloracne

(klor-ăk′nē)
Generalized acne that usually occurs after industrial exposure to chemicals such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) or dioxin.
See: illustration

chloracne

An ACNE-like skin eruption caused by frequent contact with chlorinated hydrocarbons.
References in periodicals archive ?
Exposure to TCDD has been reported to cause chloracne in humans (Panteleyev and Bickers 2006), and limited animal studies have reported that topical application of TCDD on hairless mice resulted in thickening of the epidermis (acanthosis) and SC (hyperkeratosis) (Panteleyev et al.
Diagnosis of chloracne during occupational exposure was extracted from workplace medical records; the criteria for chloracne diagnosis were defined previously by Bond et al.
Today, the list of presumptive service-connected health problems caused by exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides includes chloracne (a skin disease), Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma (a cancer of the blood cells), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, porphyria cutanea tarda (a skin disease caused by a defective liver enzyme), respiratory cancers (lung, bronchus, larynx, and trachea), soft-tissue sarcoma (cancer of the muscles and tendons), acute and subacute peripheral neuropathy (weakening of the nervous system), prostate cancer, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and adult-onset (Type 2) diabetes.
Three years later, the government recognized that Agent Orange could cause the skin condition chloracne.
Past work has identified associations with soft-tissue sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, and chloracne, a skin disease," the scientist said.
The following conditions are now considered service-connected for Vietnam veterans: chloracne (a skin disorder), porphyria cutanea tarda, acute or subacute peripheral neuropathy (a nerve disorder), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, soft tissue sarcoma, Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, prostate cancer and respiratory cancers (including cancers of the lung, larynx, trachea and bronchus).
Dioxin also causes a skin condition called chloracne in people exposed to high doses for a long period of time; it irritates the eyes, nose and throat.
He found that four of the workers in the unexposed control group who died of cancer had been treated for chloracne, which was acknowledged even by Monsanto scientists as a "hallmark of dioxin intoxification.
Beyond cancer--which, according to EPA is now estimated to be 10 times more likely to result from exposure to dioxins than the Agency previously thought--other potential human ailments linked to dioxins, according to EPA, include reproductive and immune system failures, delay of developmental milestones and a nasty skin condition known as chloracne.
Human exposure to dioxin has been shown to cause liver and nervous system damage, as well as the skin disease chloracne, which was contracted by residents of Seveso, Italy, when they were exposed to dioxin after an industrial accident in 1976.
The dioxin in Yushchenko's system caused chloracne, a type of adult acne caused by exposure to toxic chemicals.
The massive quantities of it found in Yushchenko's system caused chloracne, a type of adult acne caused by exposure to toxic chemicals.