chitinase


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chi·ti·nase

(kī'ti-nās),
An enzyme catalyzing the random hydrolysis of β(1→4) linkages in chitin (ultimately releasing N-acetyl-d-glucosamine); some enzymes of this type display lysozyme activity.

chitinase

an ENZYME catalysing the HYDROLYSIS of CHITIN and generating chitobiose. Chitinases are found in various ANIMALS, plants and MICROORGANISMS.
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Ephedra trifurca had defense proteins, including a chitinase and an alpha amylase inhibitor, peroxidase and endoglucanases, as well as a carbohydrate-modifying enzymes, e.
Therefore, measurable chitinase activity would likely be from enzymes in the digestive tract.
Molecular characterization of the gene for human cartilage gp-39 (CHI3L1), a member of the chitinase protein family and marker for late stages of macrophage differentiation.
They found that the chitinase A genes in the evening primrose species that reproduce sexually were different in four places from the ancestral gene, while the genes in the asexual species had not changed.
8) Because chitin is not present in humans, chitinase activity had not been thought to occur in humans.
For instance, IL-13 mice macrophages have high expression of the chitinase family members YM1/2, AMCase, BRP39, and chitotriosidase (the former 2 both highly [T.
An enzyme assay was also conducted for chitinase and protease activity for all the seventeen isolates.
2008), have protease, chitinase and [beta]-keratinase activities (Brar et al.
Chitinase is the biological response to chitin, the second most widespread bio-polymer in nature.
It has been shown that grape uncharacterized protein and chitinase sites considered as oligopeptides were plant oligopeptide structure homologs possessing different functions.
Immunocytochemical localization of [beta]-1,3-glucanase and chitinase in Fusarium culmoruminfected wheat spikes.