childhood gender nonconformity


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childhood gender nonconformity

A term for a situation in which the psychosocial gender role that a child adopts is at variance with the child’s phenotypic sex, including cross-dressing, opposite-sex grooming and opposite-sex play (i.e., boys playing with dolls, girls playing with toy guns, etc.). Data suggest that CGN is predictive of future gay/bisexual/transgender behaviour, though the validity of some of the studies has been questioned.
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Pathologized and treated for decades as a mental illness (APA, 1980; 2000a), childhood gender nonconformity would seem to be imbued with new meaning, as evidenced by a growing number of public voices claiming gender variance as part of human diversity (Ehrensaft, 2011, 2012; Hill & Menvielle, 2009; Lev, 2004; Menvielle, 2012; Spack et al, 2012).
They discovered genetic influences on sexual orientation (25 percent) and childhood gender nonconformity (31 percent).
Press, 1992) (greater incidence of childhood gender nonconformity among gay men "makes it plausible to expect that effeminacy would be more common among homosexual than among heterosexual adults" even absent repression).
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