childhood gender nonconformity


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childhood gender nonconformity

A term for a situation in which the psychosocial gender role that a child adopts is at variance with the child’s phenotypic sex, including cross-dressing, opposite-sex grooming and opposite-sex play (i.e., boys playing with dolls, girls playing with toy guns, etc.). Data suggest that CGN is predictive of future gay/bisexual/transgender behaviour, though the validity of some of the studies has been questioned.
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Partial contents: "Barriers and Facilitators to Engagement and Retention in Care Among Transgender Women Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus," by Jae Sevelius, Enzo Patouhas, JoAnne Keatley, & Mallory Johnson; "Physical Activity Disparities in Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Youth Ages 12-22 Years Old: Roles of Childhood Gender Nonconformity and Athletic Self-Esteem," by Jerel Calzo, Andrea Roberts, Heather Corliss, Emily Blood, Emily Kroshus, & S.
Pathologized and treated for decades as a mental illness (APA, 1980; 2000a), childhood gender nonconformity would seem to be imbued with new meaning, as evidenced by a growing number of public voices claiming gender variance as part of human diversity (Ehrensaft, 2011, 2012; Hill & Menvielle, 2009; Lev, 2004; Menvielle, 2012; Spack et al, 2012).
They discovered genetic influences on sexual orientation (25 percent) and childhood gender nonconformity (31 percent).
Some current psychological theories propose that both the child's temperament and a problematic family environment account for childhood gender nonconformity.
Press, 1992) (greater incidence of childhood gender nonconformity among gay men "makes it plausible to expect that effeminacy would be more common among homosexual than among heterosexual adults" even absent repression).
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