chikungunya


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chikungunya

(chē′ko͞on-go͞on′yə)
n.
An acute infectious disease caused by a mosquito-borne virus, characterized by fever, rash, and joint pain, and seen primarily in Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. Also called chicken guinea disease.

chikungunya

[chik′ungun′yə]
Etymology: Swahili, that which bends up
a self-limited disease resembling dengue, not transmissible among people, seen mainly in Africa and Southeast Asia, caused by an alphavirus transmitted chiefly by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. Its most prominent symptoms are musculoskeletal, and it has occasionally been associated with hemorrhagic fever. It is a possible agent for bioterrorism dispersed as an aerosol or via infected mosquitoes.

chikungunya

An acute alpha-virus infection of the Sahara, tropics and subtropics, affecting children in rainy months.
 
Clinical findings
Fever, arthralgia and rash, which may in part be a “spillover” from the viral cycle maintained in wild primates.
 
Vectors
Aedes aegypti, A africanus, A furcifer.

chi·kun·gun·ya

(chik'ŭn-gŭn'yă)
A febrile viral disease resembling dengue, transmitted by mosquitoes.
[Swahili, that which bends]
References in periodicals archive ?
Chikungunya testing is performed at CDC, a few state health departments, and one commercial laboratory, Focus Diagnostics.
Species such as the Asian tiger mosquito can spread dengue fever and chikungunya - a virus that causes fever and sparks joint pains lasting for years.
The chief factors are the prevalence of the main vector for the virus, the aedes aegypti mosquito, and the lack of immunity in a population that hasn't been hit with chikungunya in modern medical history, said Scott C.
Chikungunya is an alphavirus, a family of viruses that includes eastern equine encephalitis.
The Asian mosquito caused an outbreak of chikungunya fever in the Italian province of Ravenna, where more than 200 people were infected in the summer of 2007 and one woman died.
Chikungunya fever, caused bythe Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)[2], is a mosquito-borne, infectious disease endemic to Southeast Asia and Africa.
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has been known as enzootic in many countries in Asia and Africa, transmitted by various wild Aedes mosquitoes (7) and has been isolated from different mosquito species (8).
Unlike for malaria where drugs can be taken to prevent infection, there is no such option available to prevent either dengue or chikungunya," he said.
Symptoms of chikungunya include kidney failure, high temperature, diarrhea and vomiting.
Individual chapters then take up diseases typical of such areas, particularly tropical ones: leptospirosis, malaria, leishmaniasis, dengue virus infection, chikungunya fever, Japanese encephalitis, gastrointestinal infectious disease, hepatitis, tuberculosis, bird flu, scrub typhus, and HIV and related emerging infections.
The role of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in the spread of many arboviral infections including dengue and chikungunya is now well-documented (1-3).