chest wall compliance

chest wall com·pli·ance

(chest wawl kŏm-plī'ăns)
The change in chest wall volume per unit change in transmural pressure; may be static or dynamic.
References in periodicals archive ?
In particular, the reduced chest wall compliance plays an important role in reducing lung volumes and correlates closely with the Cobb's angle and with the decrease in FVC.
Since it is essential for CF patients to maintain and improve mobility of the chest wall, abdominal and thoracic dimensions and kinematics measurements were used as an evaluative method for diaphragmatic breathing excursion to quantify possible alterations in thoracic capacity and abdominal and chest wall compliance as achieved by all expiratory and inspiratory muscles.
Adjusting tidal volume to stress index in an open lung condition optimizes ventilation and prevents overdistension in an experimental model of lung injury and reduced chest wall compliance.
5] Female subjects tend to have lower PFT values as their respiratory muscle endurance and chest wall compliance is lower than that of their male counterparts.
Decreased chest wall compliance secondary to enlarged breasts
Because of the excess chest wall weight with subsequent reduced chest wall compliance, ventilation is even more difficult in obese patients.
The change in PPV and SVV during pneumoperitoneum might be attributable to a decrease in chest wall compliance caused by an increase in abdominal pressure (22).
An important difference between children and adults with regard to blunt chest injury is that children have greater chest wall compliance than adults due to greater cartilage content and incomplete ossification of the ribs.
He outlines the history of respiratory physiology and the structure and function of the thoracic region, then preparation, basic spirometry, and measures for airway responsiveness and resistance, lung volume, single-breath, lung, chest wall compliance, and maximal pressures, blood gasses and pH, and exercise, as well as ethnic differences, final interpretation, and quality control and normal laboratory variability, with 10 cases.
Obesity is found to decrease the lung volume and capacities by decreasing both lung and chest wall compliance.
The pleural pressure that surrounds the lung is strongly affected by chest wall compliance.
Intermittent boluses of atracurium were required to improve ventilator synchrony and chest wall compliance.