chemoprophylaxis


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chemoprophylaxis

 [ke″mo-pro″fĭ-lak´sis]
prevention of disease by chemical means.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-pro'fi-lak'sis),
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs. See: chemoprevention.

chemoprophylaxis

/che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is/ (-pro″fĭ-lak´sis) prevention of disease by means of a chemotherapeutic agent.

chemoprophylaxis

(kē′mō-prō′fə-lăk′sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The use of chemicals or drugs to prevent disease, especially infections.

che′mo·pro′phy·lac′tic (-lăk′tĭk) n. & adj.

chemoprophylaxis

[-prō′filak′sis]
Etymology: Gk, chemeia + prophylax, advance guard
administration of a medicine or chemical agent with the purpose of disease prevention, such as the use of antimicrobial drugs to prevent the acquisition of pathogens in an endemic area or to prevent their spread from one body area to another.

chemoprophylaxis

The use of a chemical, usually a therapeutic, to prevent the occurrence of a disease, usually infectious–eg, malaria or TB. Cf Chemoprevention.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-prō'fi-lak'sis)
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs.

chemoprophylaxis

The use of drugs or antibacterial chemical agents to prevent the development or spread of infectious diseases.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-prō'fi-lak'sis)
Prevention of disease using chemicals or drugs.

chemoprophylaxis

prevention of disease by chemical means.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jawed Akhai, Chairman Martin Dow Group stated, 'We are happy to represent the 'Consensus guidelines on Chemoprophylaxis and Surgical Site Infections.
Similarly, participants were asked to select groups they perceived were most at risk of contracting leprosy and groups who would benefit from chemoprophylaxis.
Protecting people against leprosy: chemoprophylaxis and immunoprophylaxis.
This outbreak was controlled after use of mass chemoprophylaxis and standard infection-control measures.
14,15) Fortunately, combination atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone) became readily available for use as primary chemoprophylaxis during that same time period.
Part of the hesitancy to recommend chemoprophylaxis after arthroscopy revolves around the purported side effects of such intervention, including bleeding, for a complication with an historically low incidence.
Traditionally, canine chemoprophylaxis for heartworms relied on the oral macrocyclic lactones, but recent laboratory studies have now demonstrated increasing macrocyclic lactone resistance by D.
Therefore, the effect of chemoprophylaxis in Figure 1 does not consider contacts of lepromatous who received low dose of dapsone and the contacts of non-lepromatous cases (rate ratio = 0.
For this reason, the DADIS field team expanded chemoprophylaxis (Figure 1) eligibility to select direct contact with the patients who lived more than 3 blocks away and had been in contact with them 2 weeks before the outbreak.
A literature review identified 18 instances in which mass chemoprophylaxis had been used as an outbreak response.
This case study would emphasize that high index of suspicion with chemoprophylaxis may be particularly useful in high-risk patients especially when loss to follow up is high.