chemoprophylaxis


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chemoprophylaxis

 [ke″mo-pro″fĭ-lak´sis]
prevention of disease by chemical means.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-pro'fi-lak'sis),
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs. See: chemoprevention.

chemoprophylaxis

/che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is/ (-pro″fĭ-lak´sis) prevention of disease by means of a chemotherapeutic agent.

chemoprophylaxis

(kē′mō-prō′fə-lăk′sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The use of chemicals or drugs to prevent disease, especially infections.

che′mo·pro′phy·lac′tic (-lăk′tĭk) n. & adj.

chemoprophylaxis

[-prō′filak′sis]
Etymology: Gk, chemeia + prophylax, advance guard
administration of a medicine or chemical agent with the purpose of disease prevention, such as the use of antimicrobial drugs to prevent the acquisition of pathogens in an endemic area or to prevent their spread from one body area to another.

chemoprophylaxis

The use of a chemical, usually a therapeutic, to prevent the occurrence of a disease, usually infectious–eg, malaria or TB. Cf Chemoprevention.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-prō'fi-lak'sis)
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs.

chemoprophylaxis

The use of drugs or antibacterial chemical agents to prevent the development or spread of infectious diseases.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-prō'fi-lak'sis)
Prevention of disease using chemicals or drugs.

chemoprophylaxis

prevention of disease by chemical means.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, chemoprophylaxis with rimantadine has been used successfully to control an influenza A outbreak aboard a cruise ship.
Regardless of vaccination status, patients residing in institutions should be administered antiviral chemoprophylaxis with amantadine or rimantadine during an influenza A outbreak.
Despite the availability of chemoprophylaxis, since 2003, several malaria outbreaks have been identified after operations against illegal mining in the Amazon basin (3,4).
None of the secondary cases received chemoprophylaxis, and all primary and secondary cases within these eight households survived, Dr.
Under guidelines currently endorsed by the CDC, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the American Academy of Pediatrics, physicians have two choices: Either universally conduct culture screening at the 35th through the 37th gestational week and treat only those who are positive, or take a risk-based approach in which no cultures are done and chemoprophylaxis is given to every pregnant patient with risk factors at hospital admission.
If the risk of contracting malaria warrants more protection than mosquito avoidance, chemoprophylaxis should be advised.
Recipients of chemoprophylaxis had a 72% reduction in risk of Trichomonas infection, a 22% reduction in risk of bacterial vaginosis, a 58% reduction in gonorrhea and/or Chlamydia infection, and a 24% decrease in clinically diagnosed upper genital tract infection.
Doxycycline is not effective in malaria chemoprophylaxis.
He did not use any personal vector avoidance measures (mosquito nets, long clothing, insect repellent) or receive malaria chemoprophylaxis.
High-risk individuals should get a chest x-ray at baseline, and a consultation or chemoprophylaxis with isoniazid for 9 months should be considered for those patients at highest risk, he said.
As many as a quarter of women may requite intrapartum antibiotic chemoprophylaxis to prevent neonatal sepsis caused by group B streptococci, and the commonagent used is a first- or second-generation penicillin.
7) As ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin and rifampicin are the recommended agents for chemoprophylaxis, (6) they have remained fully susceptible as demonstrated in this study.