chemoprophylaxis

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chemoprophylaxis

 [ke″mo-pro″fĭ-lak´sis]
prevention of disease by chemical means.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-pro'fi-lak'sis),
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs. See: chemoprevention.

chemoprophylaxis

/che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is/ (-pro″fĭ-lak´sis) prevention of disease by means of a chemotherapeutic agent.

chemoprophylaxis

(kē′mō-prō′fə-lăk′sĭs, kĕm′ō-)
n.
The use of chemicals or drugs to prevent disease, especially infections.

che′mo·pro′phy·lac′tic (-lăk′tĭk) n. & adj.

chemoprophylaxis

[-prō′filak′sis]
Etymology: Gk, chemeia + prophylax, advance guard
administration of a medicine or chemical agent with the purpose of disease prevention, such as the use of antimicrobial drugs to prevent the acquisition of pathogens in an endemic area or to prevent their spread from one body area to another.

chemoprophylaxis

The use of a chemical, usually a therapeutic, to prevent the occurrence of a disease, usually infectious–eg, malaria or TB. Cf Chemoprevention.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-prō'fi-lak'sis)
Prevention of disease by the use of chemicals or drugs.

chemoprophylaxis

The use of drugs or antibacterial chemical agents to prevent the development or spread of infectious diseases.

che·mo·pro·phy·lax·is

(kē'mō-prō'fi-lak'sis)
Prevention of disease using chemicals or drugs.

chemoprophylaxis

prevention of disease by chemical means.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because no chemoprophylactic regimen is completely effective, even patients who have been compliant with their medications should be considered for infection.
In the articles that follow, my colleagues and I address issues pertaining to influenza, ranging from historical aspects to recommendations regarding the appropriate use of vaccines and various chemoprophylactic agents.
Chemoprophylactics are most effective against parasite asexual blood stages.
These persons may not be accustomed to or feel the need for chemoprophylactic drugs.
Chemoprophylactic studies of rimantadine have not been performed in children younger than 1 year of age.
6] An up-to-date malaria risk map is therefore required to guide chemoprophylactic and nondrug protective measures.
dagger]) Appropriate chemoprophylactic drugs were mefloquine, atovaquone- proguanil, doxycycline, and chloroquine-proguanil.
Chemoprophylactic drugs are not a substitute for vaccination.
Up until this point, all chemoprophylactic options were classified Schedule 1 and could thus be given out without a prescription.
Treatment campaigns against yaws during the 1920s-1950s (30,31) and chemoprophylactic campaigns against sleeping sickness (32) were widespread and entailed sometimes reusing only a few syringes to treat, for example, 90,000 persons (32).
Imported malaria in children is a complex problem that faces many challenges, including increasing global migrant and tourist travel; growing proportions of life-threatening falciparum malaria, combined with increasing resistance of malaria parasites to chemoprophylactic drugs; and lack of knowledge about and experience with imported malaria by physicians in industrialized countries where malaria is not endemic, which leads to delays in diagnosis and treatment of children with clinical malaria (32,38).
While chemoprophylactic regimens are well described for contacts of persons with Hib disease (37), the utility of chemoprophylaxis or other public health prevention measures for non-b typeable disease such as Hia is not clear.