chemolithotrophic


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chemolithotrophic

 [ke″mo-lith´o-trōf´ik]
deriving energy from the oxidation of reduced inorganic compounds such as ferrous iron, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, or hydrogen; said of bacteria.

che·mo·au·to·tro·phic

(kē'mō-aw-tō-trof'ik),
Pertaining to a chemoautotroph.
Synonym(s): chemolithotrophic

chemolithotrophic

/che·mo·litho·tro·phic/ (-lith″o-tro´fik) deriving energy from the oxidation of inorganic compounds of iron, nitrogen, sulfur, or hydrogen; said of bacteria.

che·mo·au·to·tro·phic

(kē'mō-aw-tō-trō'fik)
Pertaining to a chemoautotroph.
Synonym(s): chemolithotrophic.

chemolithotrophic

deriving energy from the oxidation of reduced inorganic compounds such as ferrous iron, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide or hydrogen; said of bacteria.
References in periodicals archive ?
The bacteria, which are chemolithotrophic, obtain their energy from the oxidation of pyrite and added sulfur.
De Boer W, Klein Gunnewiek PJA, Veenhuis M, Bock E, Laanbroek HJ (1991) Nitrification at low pH by aggregated chemolithotrophic bacteria.
4] is referred to as chemolithotrophic oxidation of sulfur (Kelly, 1982) is favorable to odor reduction; therefore, higher S[O.
Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans is a chemolithotrophic acidophilic, obligately autotrophic bacterium which derives its energy by oxidizing reduced or partially reduced sulfur compounds and obtains its carbon by fixing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere [16].
Since, mine overburden represents hostile environment but rich is sulfur and iron components in the form of pyrite, the expected group of bacteria in fresh mine overburden spoil are chemolithotrophic, sulfur and iron oxidizers.
Some studies have indicated chemolithotrophic bacteria activities in caves, causing biofilms and snottites, which form as extensions of microbial biofilms that coat the walls and ceilings of caves (Hose et al.
Carboxysomes are proteinaceous microcompartments that play an integral part in the metabolism of cyanobacteria and many chemolithotrophic bacteria.
De Boer W, Tietema A, Klein Gunnewick PJA, Laanbroek HJ (1992) The chemolithotrophic ammonium-oxidising community in a nitrogen saturated acid forest soil in relation to pH-dependent nitrifying activity.
The physiology and ecology of sulfate- reducing bacteria, methanogenic bacteria, hyperthermophiles, and fermentative and chemolithotrophic bacteria are covered.
To our knowledge this is the first demonstration of [metallic iron] as an energy source for growth of any organism and thus represents a novel type of chemolithotrophic energy metabolism,' microbiologist Lacy Daniels and his colleagues at the University of Iowa in Iowa City report in the July 31 SCIENCE.
Organic nutrition of chemolithotrophic bacteria Ann.