chemodenervation

chemodenervation 

A technique in which a pharmacologic compound (e.g. atropine, botulinum toxin) is used to paralyse a muscle or group of muscles. This technique is most often used in the treatment of certain forms of strabismus as well as blepharospasm.
References in periodicals archive ?
Treatment options include physical therapy, static slings, nerve and muscle transfers, blepharoplasty, brow lift, and chemodenervation with botulinum toxin.
Laryngeal EMG has become the workhorse of neurolaryngology, both for diagnosis and for localization of specific muscles for chemodenervation.
Boyulinum toxin chemodenervation combined with transposition surgery for chronic sixth nerve palsy: A presentation of three cases.
1] The toxin weakens muscle by blocking the nerve impulse to the muscle, which is known as Chemodenervation.
In headache and migraine treatment, some of the most common codes include 64405, for unilateral occipital nerve block; 64450, for unilateral block of another peripheral nerve; 64612, for unilateral facial nerve chemodenervation; and 64615, for bilateral chemodenervation of the facial nerve, trigeminal nerve, cervical spinal nerve, and accessory nerves, she added.
Presently the best modality available for the initial treatment of BEB is chemodenervation by botulinum toxin type A.
Ultrasound-guided chemodenervation procedures; text and atlas.
This results in muscular paralysis, thus avoiding exaggerated mobility during smile, and finally in a temporary chemodenervation (temporary inhibition of nervous transmission) at the neuromuscular junction without producing physical harm to nervous structures.
The two major invasive interventions for managing spasticity are administration of intravenous and intrathecal medication (discussed above) and chemodenervation.
Targeted injection leads to chemodenervation and targeted muscle relaxation.
Spasticity: Chemodenervation (Botox and Myobloc): What is it?