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Related to chemoattractants: chemotaxis, chemotaxin, chemotactic


Chemical substances that influence the recruitment and migration of cells.
[chem- + attract + -i]
References in periodicals archive ?
Are there negative modulators of migration, such as anti-adhesins or repellents, in addition to chemoattractants and adhesion molecules?
Neutrophils which arrive at the site of the infection amplify the chemotactic response by releasing the chemoattractants IL-8 and leukotriene [B.
Chemotaxis, the movement of cells toward a concentration gradient of chemoattractant, was first discovered as a sperm guidance mechanism in marine species (8).
Control of TH2 polarization by the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1.
Exposure of renal epithelial cells to CaOx crystals results in the increased synthesis of osteopontin, bikunin, heparan sulphate, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-l, and prostaglandin (PG) E2, which are known to participate in inflammatory processes and in extracellular matrix production.
11) Other eosinophil-specific chemoattractants, eotaxin and RANTES, have also been found to be increased in the BAL fluid from patients with CEP.
The migration of leukocytes from blood, across the endothelium, to the site of inflammation requires highly coordinated cell-to-cell adhesive interactions, which involve various activation steps mediated by inflammatory agents, including chemoattractants, adhesion molecules, complement-derived mediators and cytokines (Ali et al.
Thus, we have hypothesized that chemoattractants and chemorepellents may play a role in the level of antibiotic resistance in E.
The novelty of our research is that the netrins are the first diffusible chemoattractants to be isolated," says Tessier-Lavigne.
Narula continued, "We are also working to develop radionuclide imaging for the noninvasive detection of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques by targeting receptors for chemoattractants and adhesion molecules on transmigrating macrophages, detecting apoptosis in the macrophages and also noninvasively quantifying the expression and activation of metalloproteinases in the atherosclerotic plaques.
In particular, chemokines MIG and MIP1 act as chemoattractants toward monocytes, lymphocytes, and natural killer cells, which are important in establishing innate immunity in human pregnancy (18).
These chemoattractants act in concert with other proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1[beta], IL-6, TNF-[alpha], IL-11, IL-15, RANK ligand, and MIF, as well as [PGE.