chemical senses


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chemical senses

the senses of smell and taste.

chem·i·cal sen·ses

(kem'i-kăl sens'ĕz)
The senses of smell and taste.

chemical

1. pertaining to chemistry.
2. a substance composed of chemical elements, or obtained by chemical processes. See also toxin.

chemical adjuvant
a chemical added to another to improve its activity. For example, mineral gels added to vaccines. May also be a chemical added to feed to improve digestion, e.g. monensin in ruminants. These are more commonly referred to as additives. See also adjuvant.
agricultural chemical
chemical used in agriculture. Includes pesticides, anthelmintics, fertilizers, algaecides, herbicides, soil fumigants and the like.
chemical environment
that part of the animals' environment that is composed of chemicals. For farm livestock this includes fertilizers, defoliants, worm drenches, insect sprays, adjuvants to feed. For companion animals see household chemical (below).
household chemical
the roster of chemicals that one can expect to find in the average household. Includes insect sprays and repellents, snail bait, rodenticide, garden sprays, human medicines and the like.
chemical pneumonitis
results from aspiration of gastric acids.
chemical senses
see olfaction (2), taste.
chemical shearing
causing the fleece of sheep to be shed by the administration of a chemical substance to the sheep. Cyclophosphamide and mimosine have been used experimentally but there is no commercially available system.
chemical spoilage
occurs in preserved foods, especially canned ones. Is usually the result of interaction between the contents and an imperfect container. There may be gas produced, e.g. hydrogen swells, or discoloration of the tin.
chemical warfare
agents used include: (1) systemic poisons, e.g. hydrocyanic acid; (2) lung irritants, e.g. chlorine, phosgene; (3) lacrimators (weeping stimulators), e.g. CN, CAP, CS; (4) sternutators (sneeze stimulators); (5) vesicants, e.g. mustards, nitrogen mustards, arsenic mustards and nettle gases; (6) nerve gases, e.g. organophosphorus compounds.
References in periodicals archive ?
Overview of Research Activities at Monell Chemical Senses Center, Dr.
A US report from the Monell Chemical Senses Center found that some children are genetically programmed to dislike vegetables due to an evolutionary tactic to protect their ancestors who lived in areas where such foods would be potentially damaging.
Among specific topics are the chemical senses taste and smell, culinary culture in Asia and Europe, salt as the edible rock, D.
Also in May researchers at the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia announced findings in a study on underarm odor and sexual orientation.
Sour seems to go along with that story," says Julie Mennella of the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia.
At the Monnell Chemical Senses Centre in Philadelphia, scientists have been developing the world's first universally repellent smell, so bad it could be used for crowd control.
Researchers at Monell Chemical Senses Center found that our instinctive "nutritional wisdom" fails when unhealthy food choices are more available than healthier nutrients.
Keane), and the Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia (Ms.
Julie Mennella, from the Monell Chemical Senses Centre in Philadelphia and a team at the University of Chicago asked 26 nursing mothers to wear absorbent pads in their bras and under their armpits.
In one experiment at the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia, Mattes says, participants were divided into three groups.
In one small recent study, conducted at the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia, subjects were taught to avoid or minimize obvious sources of fat, such as salad dressings, mayonnaise, and fatty meats, and thus reduced their fat intake substantially (so that it accounted for less than 20% of total calories, down from the typical 37%).
In other disorders of the chemical senses, the system may misread and distort an odor, a taste, or a flavor.

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