Major opportunities for energy savings were identified as: improvement in scheduling and decreasing delays while liquid metal is in the furnace; addition of chemical energy for melting steel; and improvement in ladle practice.
3 Results and Conclusions--Industrial trials investigated improvements in melting efficiency and productivity using supplemental chemical energy through additions of SiC and oxyfuel burners in electric arc furnaces.
Now, researchers can take an in-depth look at how this molecular motor frans- forms chemical energy
into motion, says Ivan Rayment, a crystallographer at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
The one-step, clean, high-efficiency energy conversion process transforms the chemical energy
of pulverized coal (and other carbon-containing fuels) directly into electricity through the electrochemical oxidation of carbon.
He and his colleagues discovered that chemical energy
and light also have that effect on the peptide.
Airgas will also provide a complete line of specialty gas equipment to help manage the fuel supply and a unique Chemical Energy
Storage Module (CESM) to provide hydrogen fuel storage for the GenCore(R) fuel cell systems.
It's just a preliminary experiment," Gur says, "but it demonstrates that one can, without pretreatment, convert the chemical energy
of coal [directly] into electrical energy.
These vehicles emit only water vapor and use a Ballard fuel cell engine that converts chemical energy
into electrical energy using hydrogen and water.
falciparum produces enzymes tht expedite this bonding process, which would otherwise require enormous amounts of chemical energy
Fuel cells convert the chemical energy
of hydrogen (derived from natural gas) directly into electricity without any combustion and with virtually no pollution.
How chemical energy
in cells gets transduced into mechanical displacement remains completely obscure," Block says.
Fuel cells are electrochemical energy devices that convert the chemical energy
released when hydrogen and oxygen combine to form water directly into electrical energy.