chemical disaster


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chemical disaster

the accidental release of a quantity of toxic chemicals into the environment, resulting in death or injury to workers or members of nearby communities. Examples include the release of methyl isocyanate from a chemical plant in Bhopal, India, at a cost of 2000 lives; and a nuclear accident at Chernobyl, Ukraine, requiring the removal of 160,000 people from their homes.

chemical disaster

The accidental release of large amounts of toxins into the environment. The effects suffered by people in the area are determined by the toxicity of the chemical, its speed in spreading, its composition (liquid, solid, or gaseous), and the spill site, esp. its proximity to a water supply or buildings. The major effect may be due to the chemical itself or to a resulting fire or explosion. The catastrophic release of chemicals may overwhelm, at least temporarily, local or regional health care resources.
See: chemical warfare
See also: disaster
References in periodicals archive ?
On Thursday, Froman denied he was trying to pressure India to drop renewed claims against Dow Chemical, the company responsible for liabilities from the chemical disaster in the city of Bhopal, which led to about 15,000 deaths and 500,000 cases of illness.
ARMAGEDDON: Emergency services train for helping civilians in the event of a chemical disaster PREPARED: Firefighters are put through their paces
At the same time, the management of a chemical disaster would mean provision of special facilities like mobile hospitals at strategic locations, trauma centres, blood banks, burn centres and so on.
Although in its present state the contamination is considered low risk, people are worried that if the site is disturbed it would ignite a chemical disaster.
Mr Tweddle said to prepare for this they regularly ran exercises which involved a mock chemical disaster to see how firefighters coped.
In defense of the new regulations, Congress harkens back to a 1984 chemical disaster in India in which 3,800 were killed.
For example, controversial technologies and their consequences, such as the Bhopal chemical disaster, the Exxon Valdez oil spill, and the Chernobyl reactor accident, are described simply as the apparently inevitable products of an undifferentiated humanity's efforts to meet its needs.
Richmond College Preparatory School is a charter school, founded in the Bay Area by Richmond Children's Foundation, which opened the pre-kindergarten and elementary school two years ago with part of a multimillion-dollar settlement from a chemical disaster.
The case studies addressed include cultural analyses of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, the Oakland firestorm of 1991, the chemical disaster at Bhopal and two long-term drought studies.
It begins by revisiting the horrifying chemical disaster caused by a valve rupture at the Union Carbide pesticide factory in Bhopal, India in 1984.
Dow won recognition for its refusal to accept responsibility for the world's largest chemical disaster in Bhopal, India, which has caused more than 20,000 casualties since 1984.
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