chamomile

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Related to chamomiles: Roman Chamomile, Chamomile flower

cham·o·mile

(kam'ō-mīl),
The flowering heads of Anthemis nobilis (family Compositae); a stomachic.
Synonym(s): camomile
[G. chamaimēlon, chamomile, fr. chamai, on the ground, + mēlon, apple]

chamomile

/cham·o·mile/ (kam´o-mēl) ( -mīl) German chamomile; the dried flower heads of the herb Matricaria recutita, used for inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and as a topical counterirritant and antiinflammatory.
English chamomile , Roman chamomile the dried flowers of the perennial herb Chamaemelum nobile, used as a homeopathic preparation and in folk medicine as a carminative and counterirritant.

chamomile

[kam′əmēl]
an herb with both annual and perennial forms, native to Germany, Hungary, and other areas of Europe.
uses It is used externally as an antiseptic and soothing agent for inflamed skin and minor wounds. Internally, it is used as an antispasmodic, gas-relieving, and antiinflammatory agent for the treatment of digestive problems; as a light sleep aid and sedative for adults and children; and as a possible anticancer agent. It is likely safe when used in medicinal amounts for a short term.
contraindications It should not be used during pregnancy (Chamaemelum nobile) and lactation; it may be used in children. Cross-hypersensitivity may result from allergy to sunflowers, ragweed, or members of the aster family (echinacea, feverfew, milk thistle). People with asthma should also avoid its use.

chamomile

Ayurvedic medicine
Chamomile has been used for women’s complaints, indigestion and colicky children.

Herbal medicine
An annual herb, the flowers of which contain choline, coumarins (e.g., umbelliferone), cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (e.g., rutin), salicylate derivatives, tannins and volatile oils (e.g., bisabolol and chamazulene). Chamomile is administered as a tea, extract, tincture or ointment. German chamomile tea is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, carminative, expectorant and sedative; it has been used to treat acne, anxiety, asthma, bacterial and fungal infections, colicky infants, diarrhoea, flatulence, gout, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual cramping, pruritus, rheumatic disease and sciatica. In Russia, Roman chamomile is used for colds, gastric complaints, colitis, as a sedative gargle, and topically for eczema and inflammation.

Most herbalists use German chamomile and Roman chamomile interchangeably.
 
Homeopathy
See Chamomilla.
  
Pseudomedicine
An essence in the pseudoscience of flower therapy which is believed to balance emotions, calm nerves and brighten moods.

cham·o·mile

, camomile (kam'ŏ-mīl)
(Matricaria) Herbal agent used in infusions for stomach disorders; alleged to induce sleep; some topical use reported; danger in pregnant women due to abortifacient properties.
[G. chamaimēlon, chamomile, fr. chamai, on the ground, + mēlon, apple]

chamomile

A drug used in ointments for the treatment of nappy rash, chapped skin or sore nipples. A brand name is Kamillosan.

chamomile,

n Latin names:
Matricaria chamomilla, Matricaria recutita, Chamaemelum nobile, Anthemis nobile; part used: buds (dried); uses: antiinflammatory, digestive aid, irritable bowel syndrome, colon disease, Crohn's disease, insomnia, anxiety, spasms, wound healing; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, patients with asthma, hypersensitivity to sunflowers, ragweed, or aster family, can cause burning of the face, eyes, or mucosa, liver disease. Also called
common chamomile, English chamomile, German chamomile, Hungarian chamomile, Roman chamomile, sweet false chamomile, true chamomile, or
wild chamomile.
chamomile, Roman (rōˑ·mn kaˑ·m·mēl),
n a colorless to light blue oil that turns yellow upon storage. Commonly used as an antispasmodic; the herb from which it is derived is used to dispel gas and relieve colic. See also Chamaemelum nobile.
Enlarge picture
Chamomile.

chamomile, camomile

derived from flowerheads of two species of Compositae; used for its anti-inflammatory and antiseborrheic activity, usually topically but also administered orally as a tea for indigestion and in the treatment of calf scours.
References in periodicals archive ?
The chamomile is the most precocious kind regarding flowering in salty soils.
The chamomile is saltiness resisting, but cannot be supposed as a Halophyt plant; because it grows well in default of sodium salts.
The chamomile grows in every soil, but it grows best in sandy light soil accompanied with large amounts of calcareous compounds.
The chamomile can be cultivated all at once (cultivation of monoculture).
There is another advantage of German chamomile cultivation; it means German chamomile will not appear as weedy plant of other plants, and spilled seeds will bring about continuity of German chamomile appearance.
The chamomile production can be performed in two ways: direct and indirect.
The German chamomile should be harvested when most of flowers have been grown.
The development of the chamomile flowers includes 3 steps: