chamber


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chamber

 [chām´ber]
an enclosed space.
Chambers of the eye. From Dorland's, 2000.
anterior chamber the part of the aqueous humor-containing space of the eyeball between the cornea and iris.
counting chamber the part of a hemacytometer consisting of a microscopic slide with a depression whose base is marked in grids, and into which a measured volume of a sample of blood or bacterial culture is placed and covered with a cover glass. The number of cells and formed blood elements in the squares is counted under a microscope and used as a representative sample for calculating the unit volume.
drip chamber the expanded portion of intravenous tubing into which fluid falls, where the rate of flow can be monitored if necessary. See also intravenous infusion.
hyperbaric chamber an enclosed space in which gas (oxygen) can be raised to greater than atmospheric pressure; see also hyperbaric oxygenation.
ionization chamber an enclosure containing two or more electrodes between which an electric current may be passed when the enclosed gas is ionized by radiation; used for determining the intensity of x-rays and other rays.
posterior chamber that part of the aqueous humor–containing space of the eyeball between the iris and the lens.
vitreous chamber the vitreous humor–containing space in the eyeball, bounded anteriorly by the lens and ciliary body and posteriorly by the posterior wall of the eyeball.

cham·ber

(chām'ber), [TA]
A compartment or enclosed space.
See also: camera.
[L. camera]

chamber

/cham·ber/ (chām´ber) an enclosed space.
anterior chamber of eye  the part of the aqueous-containing space of the eyeball between the cornea and the iris.
aqueous chamber  the part of the eyeball filled with aqueous humor; see anterior c. and posterior c.
counting chamber  the part of a hemacytometer consisting of a microscopic slide with a depression whose base is marked in grids, and into which a measured volume of a sample of blood or bacterial culture is placed and covered with a cover glass. Cells and formed blood elements in any given square can then be counted under a microscope.
diffusion chamber  an apparatus for separating a substance by means of a semipermeable membrane.
Haldane chamber  an air-tight chamber in which animals are confined for metabolic studies.
hyperbaric chamber  an enclosed space in which gas (oxygen) can be raised to greater than atmospheric pressure.
ionization chamber  an enclosure containing two or more electrodes between which an electric current may be passed when the enclosed gas is ionized by radiation; used for determining the intensity of x-rays and other rays.
posterior chamber of eye  the part of the aqueous-containing space of the eyeball between the iris and the lens.
pulp chamber  the natural cavity in the central portion of the tooth crown that is occupied by the dental pulp.
relief chamber  the recess in a denture surface that rests on the oral structures, to reduce or eliminate pressure.
Thoma-Zeiss counting chamber  a common type of counting c.
vitreous chamber  the vitreous-containing space in the eyeball, bounded anteriorly by the lens and ciliary body and posteriorly by the posterior wall of the eyeball.

chamber

(chām′bər)
n.
a. An enclosed space or compartment: the chamber of a pump; a compression chamber.
b. An enclosed space in the body of an organism; a cavity: the four chambers of the heart.

chamber

Etymology: Gk, kamara, vaulted enclosure
1 a hollow but not necessarily empty space or cavity in an organ, as in the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye or the atrial and ventricular chambers of the heart.
2 a room or closed space used for research or therapeutic purposes, such as a decompression chamber or hyperbaric oxygen chamber.

cham·ber

(chām'bĕr) [TA]
1. A compartment or enclosed space.
2. Divisions of a hemocytometer.
See also: camera
[L. camera]

chamber 

In anatomy, a small cavity.
anterior chamber (AC) Space within the eye filled with aqueous humour and bounded anteriorly by the cornea and posteriorly by the iris and the part of the anterior surface of the lens which appears through the pupil. Its average axial length is 3.2 mm. See angle of the anterior chamber; aqueous flare; gonioscope; Shaffer and Schwartz van Herick method; Smith's method; optics of the eye; shadow test.
chamber's of the eye The anterior, posterior and vitreous chambers of the eye.
posterior chamber Space within the eye filled with aqueous humour and bounded by the posterior surface of the iris, the ciliary processes, the zonule and the anterior surface of the lens.
vitreous chamber Space within the eye filled with vitreous humour and bounded by the retina, ciliary body, canal of Petit and the postlenticular space of Berger.

chamber,

n an enclosed area.
chamber, air-equivalent ionization,
n a chamber in which the materials of the wall and electrodes produce ionization essentially similar to that produced in a free-air ionization chamber.
chamber, air-wall ionization,
n an ionization chamber with walls of material of low atomic number, having the same effective atomic number as atmospheric air.
chamber, extrapolation ionization
n an ionization chamber with electrodes of which the spacing can be adjusted and accurately determined to permit extrapolation of its reading to zero chamber volume.
chamber, free-air ionization,
n an ionization chamber in which a delimited beam of radiation passes between the electrodes without striking them or other internal parts of the equipment. The electric field is maintained perpendicular to the electrodes in the collecting region; as a result the ionized volume can be accurately determined from the dimensions of the collecting electrode and limiting diaphragm. This is the basic standard instrument for dosimetry within the range of 5 to 400 kV.
chamber, ionization
n an instrument for measuring the quantity of ionizing radiation, in terms of the charge of electricity associated with ions produced within a defined volume of air.
chamber, monitor ionization,
n an ionization chamber used for checking the constancy of performance of the roentgen-ray apparatus.
chamber, pocket ionization,
n a small, pocket-sized ionization chamber used for monitoring radiation exposure of personnel. Before use it is given a charge, and the amount of discharge is a measure of the quantity of radiation received.
chamber, pulp,
n (pulp cavity), the space occupied by the pulp.
chamber, relief,
n a recess in the impression surface of a denture created to reduce or eliminate pressure from the corresponding area of the oral cavity.
chamber, standard ionization,
n See chamber, ionization, free-air.
chamber, suction,
n See chamber, relief.
chamber, thimble ionization,
n a small cylindrical or spherical chamber, usually with walls of organic material.
chamber, thin-wall ionization,
n an ionization chamber having walls so thin that nearly all secondary corpuscular rays reaching them from external materials can penetrate them easily.
chamber, tissue-equivalent ionization,
n a chamber in which the walls, electrodes, and gas are selected to produce ionization essentially equivalent to the characteristics of the tissue under consideration.

chamber

an enclosed space.

anterior chamber
the part of the aqueous humor-containing space of the eyeball between the cornea and iris.
hyperbaric chamber
an enclosed space in which gas (oxygen) can be raised to greater than atmospheric pressure. See also hyperbaric oxygenation.
ionization chamber
see ionization chamber.
posterior chamber
that part of the aqueous humor-containing space of the eyeball between the iris and the lens.
vitreous chamber
the vitreous humor-containing space in the eyeball, bounded anteriorly by the lens and ciliary body and posteriorly by the posterior wall of the eyeball.
References in classic literature ?
We had proceeded for possibly an hour without serious interruption, and Thuvia had just whispered to me that we were approaching our first destination, when on entering a great chamber we came upon a man, evidently a thern.
Here the keys which Thuvia bore from the dead thern of the prison vault were the means of giving us immediate entrance to the chamber, and very quickly we were thoroughly outfitted with arms and ammunition.
There be within this vast network of winding passages and countless chambers men, women, and beasts who, born within its dim and gruesome underworld, have never seen the light of day--nor ever shall.
Even as he spoke he stooped and crawled into the chamber beyond, while Gahan, taking Tara by the arm, motioned her to follow.
I fear not so much opposition ahead, for there are none there who know the thing that has been done in Luud's chambers this night; but the kaldane of one of the warriors who stood guard before Luud's apartment escaped, and you may count it a truth that he lost no time in seeking aid.
Immediately Tarzan led them to the treasure chamber, where to each was allotted a load of two ingots, for each about eighty pounds.
Hundreds of times before had Tarzan been to this secluded spot, which was so densely surrounded by thorn bushes and tangled vines and creepers of huge girth that not even Sheeta, the leopard, could worm his sinuous way within, nor Tantor, with his giant strength, force the barriers which protected the council chamber of the great apes from all but the harmless denizens of the savage jungle.
At first I thought it was one vast, unbroken chamber, so clear and transparent were the walls of the winding corridors, but after I had nearly brained myself a couple of times by attempting to pass through solid vitreous walls I went more carefully.
The resounding echoes of that fearsome cry were still reverberating through the subterranean chambers when I saw the thing that had startled it from the faithful beast.
Tom had never tried this joke as yet, but was supposed to be trying it now, so the boys held warily back; but Chambers believed his master was in earnest; therefore, he swam out, and arrived in time, unfortunately, and saved his life.
He heaped insults upon Chambers for "pretending" to think he was in earnest in calling for help, and said that anybody but a blockheaded nigger would have known he was funning and left him alone.
The laughed at him, and called him coward, liar, sneak, and other sorts of pet names, and told him they meant to call Chambers by a new name after this, and make it common in the town--"Tom Driscoll's nigger pappy,"--to signify that he had had a second birth into this life, and that Chambers was the author of his new being.