Herbal medicine One of the volatile oils in German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), which is reported to be analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, accelerate wound healing and of use in treating eczema.
For example, when used topically or internally, the apigenenin, chamazulene (and its precursor, matricin), and other volatile oil constituents of chamomile flowers have been shown to help relieve muscle spasms.
The advantages of using chamomile preparations are connected to the presence of quite a few plant metabolites from various classes including flavonoids, coumarins, proazulenes, their degradation product chamazulene, and the essential oil.
Further on it was found that chamazulene the main essential oil compound of German chamomile was relatively stable different under field conditions but oxygenated compounds (bisaboloids) were more influenced by delayed planting and ecological conditions (high temperature, long day period during flowering) (Mohammad et al.
The main constituents found in the essential oils of the studied Asteraceae species were bisabolol oxide A, bisabolone oxide A, (Z)-en-yne-dicycloether, bisabolol oxide B, [alpha]-bisabolol, and chamazulene in the essential oil of Chamomilla recutita; (Z)-en-yne-dicycloether, geranyl isovalerate, and (E)-[beta]-farnesene in C.
Books on herbal remedies tout the substance chamazulene - especially strong in the flowers of the attractive 2-foot-tall chamomile shrub - as treatment for a variety of illnesses that range from menstrual cramps, indigestion and intestinal gas to allergies, eczema and an anti-infectant for cuts and scrapes.