Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
cetrimideA detergent antiseptic and cleaning substance used in solution or as an ointment. A brand name is Cetavlex.
cetrimidebacteriostatic antiseptic and surfactant quaternary ammonium compound; active against a narrow spectrum of Gram-positive bacteria; non-effective against Pseudomonas , fungi and spore forms; may be combined with chlorhexidine (0.015% chlorhexidine and 0.15% cetrimide, e.g. Tisept); cytotoxic; not routinely used to cleanse ulcers
An agent that kills or prevents the growth of bacteria. This term is generally restricted to agents that are sufficiently non-toxic for superficial application to living tissues. These include the preservatives for eye drops and contact lens solutions. Examples of antiseptics are alcohol, benzalkonium chloride, cetrimide, chlorbutanol, chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, thimerosal (or thiomersalate). Other agents that are too toxic to be applied to living tissues are called disinfectants and are used to sterilize instruments and apparatus. See disinfection; ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid; neutralization; sterilization.