cervical


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Related to cervical: Cervical cancer, Cervical Spondylosis

cervical

 [ser´vĭ-k'l]
1. pertaining to the neck.
2. pertaining to the neck or cervix of any organ or structure.
cervical cancer cancer of the cervix uteri, the third most common cause of cancer deaths in American women (after lung cancer and breast cancer). Its victims are usually women over 40. One of the first warning signs of cervical cancer is vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods, after coitus, or after menopause is established. There may also be increased vaginal discharge. The papanicolaou test should be done routinely every year in women over 40 to rule out the possibility of cervical malignancy. This test identifies cancer in its earliest stages while the malignancy can still be eradicated with relative ease.

Traditionally, a positive finding of abnormal cells from the cervix was an indication for cervical biopsy, which, if positive for malignancy, was an indication for total hysterectomy. Currently, this sequence is giving way to more selective methods of diagnosis and treatment. Special stains and colposcopy are used to define more clearly the nature and extent of abnormal changes in cervical cells. These techniques have permitted a greater use of localized excision of cervical tissues (conization) and cryosurgery of early cancer zones, thereby avoiding total removal of the uterus.
cervical mucus method a type of natural family planning; see contraception.
cervical rib syndrome pain over the shoulder, often extending down the upper limb or radiating up the back of the neck, due to compression of the nerves and vessels between a cervical rib and the anterior scalene muscle.

cer·vi·cal

(ser'vĭ-kăl), The alternative pronunciation ser-vī'kal is exclusively British.
Relating to a neck, or cervix, in any sense.
Synonym(s): cervicalis
[L. cervix (cervic-), neck]

cervical

/cer·vi·cal/ (ser´vĭ-k'l)
1. pertaining to the neck.
2. pertaining to the neck or cervix of any organ or structure.

cervical

(sûr′vĭ-kəl)
adj.
1. Of or relating to the uterine cervix.
2. Of or relating to the neck.

cervical

[sur′vikəl]
Etymology: L, cervix, neck
1 pertaining to the neck or the region of the neck.
2 pertaining to the constricted area of a necklike structure, such as the neck of a tooth or the cervix of the uterus.

cervical

adjective Referring to the neck or the uterine cervix.

Pronunciation
Medspeak-UK: pronounced, surr VAI cull
Medspeak-US: pronounced, SURR vuh cull

cervical

adjective Referring to the
1. Uterine cervix.
2. Neck.

cer·vi·cal

(sĕr'vi-kăl)
Relating to a neck, or cervix, in any sense.
[L. cervix (cervic-), neck]

cervical

Pertaining to a neck. This may be the neck of the body or the neck of an organ such as the womb. The noun, from the adjective ‘cervical’ is ‘cervix’.

cervical

of or relating to the neck or cervix.

Cervical

Relating to the top part of the spine that is composed of the seven vertebrae of the neck and the disks that separate them.

cervical (serˑ·v·kl),

adj 1. of or relating to the cervix of the uterus.
2. of or associated with the neck.

cer·vi·cal

(sĕr'vi-kăl)
Relating to a neck, or cervix, in any sense.
[L. cervix (cervic-), neck]

cervical (sur´vikəl),

adj relating to the neck, or cervical line, of a tooth.
cervical appliance,
n See appliance, cervical.
cervical convergence,
cervical fibers,
cervical line,
cervical ridge,
cervical third,
n an inferior part of the horizontal divisions in the tooth's crown.
cervical triangle, posterior,
cervical vertebrae,
n the first seven segments of the vertebral column that defines the neck.

cervical

pertaining to the neck or to the cervix.

cervical ankylosis
ankylosis of the intervertebral joints. See also hypervitaminosis A.
cervical aplasia
segmental aplasia of the genital tract may be manifested by the absence or deformity of the cervix. Infertility is absolute. Diagnosis in large animals can be performed by rectal palpation; small animals may require surgical exploration.
cervical cirrhosis
caused by severe laceration at parturition; a rare cause of dystocia.
cervical curve
one of the vertebral curves of the body.
cervical dislocation
satisfactory method of euthanasia for laboratory mice, immature rats and poultry. Must be performed by an experienced person in order to achieve rapid and humane death.
cervical fixation
suturing of the cervix through the vaginal floor to the prepubic tendon. Used in the treatment of vaginal prolapse in cows.
cervical incompetence
damage to the cervix during parturition in the mare may cause its deformity and render it incapable of effectively closing off the uterus from the vagina. Infection of the uterus and infertility result.
incomplete cervical dilation
incomplete dilation of the cervix during parturition in adult cows, less commonly in heifers, may necessitate obstetrical, even cesarean, assistance; thought to be hormonal. See also ringwomb in ewes.
cervical inflammation
cervical instability, cervical malformation, cervical malarticulation
see canine wobbler syndrome.
cervical line lesions
of the tooth neck characterized by progressive, subgingival, osteoclastic resorption. These occur commonly in cats. See odontoclastic resorption.
cervical lymphadenitis
infection with abscessation of cervical lymph nodes in guinea pigs; usually caused by Streptococcus zooepidemicus.
cervical massage
suitable for use only in cows. The fetus is pulled up into the cervix and light traction maintained while a well-lubricated hand is pushed gently between the cervix and the fetus. This is done repeatedly and continued if there is no evidence of trauma. The cervix may dilate sufficiently to allow normal delivery of the calf.
cervical mucus
from the cervix. Its presence in liberal amounts is used as an indication of estrus.
cervical paralysis
inability to lift the head, usually accompanied by paralysis of all four limbs.
cervical plexus
see cervical plexus.
cervical rib
a supernumerary rib arising from a cervical vertebra.
cervical spinal cord lesion
includes fracture-dislocation, cervical vertebral abscess, compression due to exostosis, spinal myelitis and myelacia, congenital lesions including spinal canal stenosis.
cervical spine
cervical vertebrae.
cervical spondylolisthesis, spondylopathy
see canine wobbler syndrome.
cervical spondylosis
see cervical ankylosis (above).
cervical static stenosis
one of the two syndromes listed under cervical vertebral stenotic myelopathy; characterized by compression of the cord at C5 to C7 in large male horses 1-4 years of age; the position of the neck is immaterial; the resulting syndrome is characterized by an insidious onset of ataxia. See also enzootic equine incoordination.
cervical stenotic myelopathy
focal myelopathy caused by compression of the spinal cord by excessive flexion of the neck in patients, especially dogs, in which there is a pre-existing narrowing of one of the two vertebral foramina in one or more vertebrae, especially cervical vertebrae. See also degenerative myeloencephalopathy.
cervical swab
swab of the os cervix for bacterial and virological examination for pathogens likely to affect fertility adversely. Used in fertility examination of cases of prolonged infertility in ruminants. See also uterine swab.
cervical syndrome
clinical signs caused by a lesion of the spinal cord between C1 and C5. They include tetraparesis to tetraplegia or hemiparesis to hemiplegia, hyperreflexia, hypertonia, depressed postural responses and sometimes cervical pain.
cervical trauma
most common are lacerations during parturition; resulting adhesions and fibrosis may cause subsequent dystocia.
cervical vertebrae
the skeleton of the neck, in most mammals comprising seven vertebrae, in birds up to 25.
cervical vertebra fracture
in horses occurs as a result of head-on collisions at speed; causes recumbency and inability to move limbs voluntarily, but there is full consciousness and patient can eat and drink if assisted.
cervical vertebral malformation malarticulation syndrome
cervical vertebral stenotic myelopathy
one of the causes of incoordination in young horses. See also enzootic equine incoordination.

Patient discussion about cervical

Q. How will my cervical muscu look like if am just few days prgenant like 12days How will my cervical mucus look like if am just few days pregnant because i have not seen my period for two days now.

A. i read that cervical mucus changes when ovulation occurs, becoming more "fluid". raising the chances of getting pregnant. but i don't recall seeing anything about changes during pregnancy...maybe one of the women in the site can light that point.

Q. I have hurt my cervical spine and shoulder in a rear end car crash in July. Why does it still hurt?

A. Spine and back injuries are known to to be causing a lot of pain and discomfort and for a long period of time. You should try and do some mellow exercise and physiotherapy that might help you a lot. If the pain is unbarable, you should consult your doctor about using pain medications.

Q. what does c4-5 mild central disk bulging impinging upon cervical cord without spinal stenosis or distortion of the cord . mild righ neural foraminal narrowing from uncovertebral joint hypertropy mean

A. Well this basically means there is a very small narrowing of the cervical (your neck area) spinal canal (where the spinal cord is), however the narrowing does not cause any damage to the spinal cord, therefore probably does not cause any major symptoms involving the nerves. The c4-5 bulging part refers to the part in between the two cervical vertebras c4 and c5, in which the disc (a part in the spinal cord) is sliding a bit side-ways, but again, it does not seem to be causing any trouble.

More discussions about cervical
References in periodicals archive ?
Cervical Cancer Preclinical Research Pipeline Insights
Cervical cancer is caused by the human papilloma virus and detected through microscopic examination of a swab of the cervix.
Table 17: Key Facts on Cervical Cancer in the US: 2014 III-1
In our patient, it is probable that the right subclavian artery was superiorly displaced into the surgical field by a combination of the cervical rib and the neck extension.
Global Cervical Cancer Vaccine Market Opportunities, 2020" has analyzed the potential of the global cervical cancer vaccine market and provides statistics and information on market sizes, shares and trends.
Every day in the UK nine women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and three will die from the disease.
Ultrasound anatomy of the cervical paravertebral space: a preliminary study.
I would encourage women to book their test when they receive their invitation, which will reduce their risk of developing cervical cancer.
Postmenopausal women with multiple prior consecutive negative cervical cytology test results are at low risk for cervical cancer," according to the guidelines.
Potential problems arise when a player in this position collides with another player (termed spearing): The head stops, the trunk continues to move, and the cervical spine is crushed between the two.
They analyzed a number of suspected risk factors for cervical laceration including parity, body mass index, cervical cerclage, prior cervical procedures, induction of labor, duration of second stage, mode of delivery, and infant weight.
More than twice as many African-American women die from cervical cancer as Caucasian women.