cerebral herniation


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Related to cerebral herniation: Tonsillar herniation, Uncal herniation, tentorial herniation, Herniation of the brain

cerebral herniation

The displacement of part of the brain due to a marked ↑ in intracranial pressure, forcing the brain in the direction of least resistance, ie down the foramen magnum Clinical Paralysis, coma, unilateral dilated pupil Etiology Head injury, brain tumors, abscess, bacterial meningitis Types Cerebellar, uncal, transtentorial

cerebral herniation

Downward displacement of the brain (usually as a result of cerebral edema, hematoma, or tumor) into the brainstem. The resulting injury to brainstem functions rapidly leads to coma, nerve palsies, and death if treatment is ineffective.
See also: herniation
References in periodicals archive ?
Failure to treat increased ICP could cause cerebral herniation and death.
Nembutal sodium therapy can prolong death and keep individuals alive longer than would be possible if cerebral herniation were allowed to naturally occur.