cerebellar ataxia


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Related to cerebellar ataxia: cerebellar atrophy

ataxia

 [ah-tak´se-ah]
failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action. adj., adj atac´tic, atax´ic.
cerebellar ataxia ataxia due to disease of the cerebellum.
Friedreich's ataxia see friedreich's ataxia.
frontal ataxia disturbance of equilibrium associated with tumor of the frontal lobe.
hereditary ataxia Friedreich's ataxia.
hysterical ataxia ataxia recognizable as a conversion symptom; see also astasia-abasia.
locomotor ataxia tabes dorsalis.
sensory ataxia ataxia due to loss of proprioception (joint position sense), resulting in poorly judged movements and becoming aggravated when the eyes are closed.
ataxia-telangiectasia a severe, autosomal recessive, progressive ataxia, associated with telangiectasias (dilation of small blood vessels) in the skin and eyes; immunodeficiency with frequent infections of the respiratory tract from sinuses to lungs; and abnormal eye movements. Called also Louis-Bar's syndrome.

cer·e·bel·lar a·tax·i·a

loss of muscle coordination caused by disorders of the cerebellum.

cerebellar ataxia

Etymology: L, cerebellum, small brain; Gk, ataxia, without order
a loss of muscle coordination caused by a lesion in the cerebellum.

cerebellar ataxia

Neurology A condition characterized by a usually abrupt onset of unsteady gait, nystagmus, and dysarthria, which in children may persist in the form of residual movement or behavioral disorders. See Ataxia.

cer·e·bel·lar atax·ia

(ser-ă-belăr ă-taksē-ă)
Loss of muscle coordination caused by disorders of the cerebellum.

cerebellar ataxia

MOTOR incoordination due to disease of the CEREBELLUM.

Murri,

A.,
Murri disease
Murri syndrome - cerebellar degeneration. Synonym(s): cerebellar ataxia

ataxia

neurological diseases characterized by loss of coordinated voluntary muscular function (see Friedreich's ataxia)

ataxia

failure of muscular coordination; irregularity of muscular action.

cerebellar ataxia
ataxia characterized by defects in rate, range, force and direction of movement of limbs. There is a broad based stance, inability to maintain the head in the proper position so that it oscillates, there is hypermetria or hypometria, direction cannot be maintained and the animal falls easily, often in an exaggerated way.
congenital ataxia
cerebellar ataxia due to viral infection of the fetus, e.g. bovine virus diarrhea and feline panleukopenia, or to inheritance, e.g. in cattle. See also cerebellar atrophy.
copper-related ataxia
see copper nutritional deficiency.
enzootic ataxia
see enzootic ataxia.
equine sensory ataxia
see enzootic equine incoordination.
familial convulsions and ataxia of cattle
see familial convulsions and ataxia of cattle.
feline ataxia
see feline panleukopenia.
foal ataxia
see enzootic equine incoordination.
frontal ataxia
disturbance of equilibrium occurring in cases of tumor of the frontal lobe.
hereditary ataxia
see hereditary ataxia.
hound ataxia
a degenerative myelopathy of Foxhounds, Harrier hounds and Beagles. Affected dogs show increasing hindleg incoordination. A dietary cause is suspected.
locomotor ataxia
tabes dorsalis.
otarid ataxia
a syndrome in pinnipeds caused by nutritional deficiency of thiamin or enterotoxemia or hypoglycemia. Signs include heelwalking (elevation and curling of the rear toes) followed by running staggers, ataxia and violent falling.
progressive ataxia
an inherited disease of cattle in which hind limb ataxia commences at 6 months to 3 years of age and worsens over 1 to 2 more years to the point of recumbency. It is a myelin disorder with eosinophilic plaques in the cerebellar medula and peduncles. Called also progressive sensory ataxia of Charolais cattle.
sensorimotor ataxia
caused by moderate spinal cord lesions, manifested by weakness of movement, scuffing of toes, incomplete limb extension, knuckling, wobbly gait, easy falling, difficult rising.
sensory ataxia
ataxia due to loss of proprioception (joint position sense), resulting in poorly judged movements and becoming aggravated when the eyes are blindfolded.
spinal ataxia
see equine protozoal myeloencephalitis.
vestibular ataxia
a loss of balance with preservation of strength. If unilateral, the abnormality is asymmetrical; if bilateral, it is symmetrical.

cerebellar

pertaining to the cerebellum.

cerebellar abiotrophy
occurs in cattle, pigs and dogs. Affected young are normal at birth but at an early age ataxia and signs of cerebellar dysfunction appear, often progressing to complete immobilization. Cerebral function is usually normal. An inherited basis is suspected. In Kerry blue terriers, it is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Called also cerebellar neuronal abiotrophy.
cerebellar agenesis
absence of the cerebellum due to its non-appearance in the embryo.
cerebellar aplasia
see cerebellar atrophy (below).
cerebellar ataxia
the incoordination of gait characterized by exaggerated movements. There is no paresis. There is exaggerated strength and distance of movement—hypermetria. Caused usually by damage to the cerebellum or to the spinocerebellar tracts. May be congenital due to cerebellar atrophy or acquired due to inflammation or malacia of the cerebellum.
cerebellar atrophy
degeneration and loss of cells—Purkinje and granular cells of the cerebellum. Present at birth or soon after, is congenital in sheep, cattle, Arab horses, dogs and cats. Some of the diseases are inherited, some are known to be due to virus infection in utero, e.g. bovine virus diarrhea, feline panleukopenia. Some are in fact abiotrophies, premature aging of tissues. In the latter the animals are normal at birth but develop classical signs later. Segmental atrophy occurs in pigs but is asymptomatic.
cerebellar coning
see cerebellar lipping (below), brain herniation.
cerebellar cortex
the superficial gray matter of the cerebellum.
cerebellar dysfunction
see cerebellar ataxia (above).
cerebellar dysmelinogenesis
recorded in Chow Chow dogs; characterized by congenital head tremor.
feline cerebellar ataxia
see feline panleukopenia.
cerebellar hypomyelinogenesis
abnormally reduced myelination in the cerebellum; characterized clinically by severe neonatal tremor.
cerebellar hypoplasia
deficiency of cells of the cerebellum, the degree and distribution of which is variable. See cerebellar atrophy (above).
inherited cerebellar defects
includes cerebellar abiotrophy, atrophy, agenesis, hypoplasia, neuraxonal dystrophy.
cerebellar lipping
caused by diffuse cerebral edema. The vermis of the cerebellum protrudes through the foramen magnum and lies like a tongue over the medulla.
cerebellar neuronal abiotrophy
see cerebellar abiotrophy (above).
cerebellar neuraxonal dystrophy
reported in collie sheepdogs. The lesion is limited to axons and there are no lesions in the cerebellar folial neurons.
cerebellar syndrome
see cerebellar ataxia (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
c) 'Probable' MSA requires the presence of Parkinsonism or cerebellar ataxia
A case of subacute necrotizing lymphadenitis with acute cerebellar ataxia [in Japanese].
Early onset cerebellar ataxia with retained tendon reflexes (EOCA) and olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA): a computed tomographic study.
Initial presentation is most commonly progressive cerebellar ataxia early in life followed by conjunctival and cutaneous telangiectasias, immune deficiencies, and recurrent sinopulmonary infections.
Disorders associated with inhalant abuse include toluene-induced hearing loss, cerebellar ataxia, sensory-motor polyneuropathy resulting from nitrous oxide exposure, hexane(e.
Mr Burke, who suffers from cerebellar ataxia, said of the ruling, 'Obviously I am disappointed that I have not got all that I wished for.
Mr Burke, of Lancaster, who suffers from cerebellar ataxia, was in court in his wheelchair yesterday listening to the arguments for overturning the ruling which he believes will save him from death by starvation, or thirst if ANH was withdrawn after he loses the ability to communicate.
Mr Burke, who suffers from cerebellar ataxia, had feared reaching the point where he would be denied food and water and would die of starvation or thirst.
Z has cerebellar ataxia, which is a degenerative brain disease, according to Agence France-Presse.
However, the British High Court ruled on July 31, 2004, that Leslie Burke, 44, who suffers from cerebellar ataxia should win his case to not have food and hydration withdrawn, even when his body becomes incapable.
The statement recommends screening the following for HLA antibodies: persons with gastrointestinal symptoms; those without other explanations for signs and symptoms such as persistent transaminase elevation, short stature, delayed puberty, iron-deficiency anemia, recurrent fetal loss, and infertility; and those with other conditions that are not specific to celiac disease, including irritable bowel syndrome, persistent aphthous stomatitis, autoimmune diseases, peripheral neuropathy, and cerebellar ataxia.

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