cerebellar


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Related to cerebellar: Cerebellar ataxia, cerebellar atrophy

cerebellar

 [ser″ĕ-bel´er]
pertaining to the cerebellum.

cer·e·bel·lar

(ser'e-bel'ar),
Relating to the cerebellum.

cerebellar

/cer·e·bel·lar/ (ser″ĕ-bel´ar) pertaining to the cerebellum.

cerebellar

[ser′əbel′ər]
Etymology: L, cerebellum, small brain
pertaining to the cerebellum.

cer·e·bel·lar

(ser-ĕ-bel'ăr)
Relating to the cerebellum.

Cerebellar

Involving the part of the brain (cerebellum), which controls walking, balance, and coordination.

cerebellar

pertaining to the cerebellum.

cerebellar abiotrophy
occurs in cattle, pigs and dogs. Affected young are normal at birth but at an early age ataxia and signs of cerebellar dysfunction appear, often progressing to complete immobilization. Cerebral function is usually normal. An inherited basis is suspected. In Kerry blue terriers, it is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Called also cerebellar neuronal abiotrophy.
cerebellar agenesis
absence of the cerebellum due to its non-appearance in the embryo.
cerebellar aplasia
see cerebellar atrophy (below).
cerebellar ataxia
the incoordination of gait characterized by exaggerated movements. There is no paresis. There is exaggerated strength and distance of movement—hypermetria. Caused usually by damage to the cerebellum or to the spinocerebellar tracts. May be congenital due to cerebellar atrophy or acquired due to inflammation or malacia of the cerebellum.
cerebellar atrophy
degeneration and loss of cells—Purkinje and granular cells of the cerebellum. Present at birth or soon after, is congenital in sheep, cattle, Arab horses, dogs and cats. Some of the diseases are inherited, some are known to be due to virus infection in utero, e.g. bovine virus diarrhea, feline panleukopenia. Some are in fact abiotrophies, premature aging of tissues. In the latter the animals are normal at birth but develop classical signs later. Segmental atrophy occurs in pigs but is asymptomatic.
cerebellar coning
see cerebellar lipping (below), brain herniation.
cerebellar cortex
the superficial gray matter of the cerebellum.
cerebellar dysfunction
see cerebellar ataxia (above).
cerebellar dysmelinogenesis
recorded in Chow Chow dogs; characterized by congenital head tremor.
feline cerebellar ataxia
see feline panleukopenia.
cerebellar hypomyelinogenesis
abnormally reduced myelination in the cerebellum; characterized clinically by severe neonatal tremor.
cerebellar hypoplasia
deficiency of cells of the cerebellum, the degree and distribution of which is variable. See cerebellar atrophy (above).
inherited cerebellar defects
includes cerebellar abiotrophy, atrophy, agenesis, hypoplasia, neuraxonal dystrophy.
cerebellar lipping
caused by diffuse cerebral edema. The vermis of the cerebellum protrudes through the foramen magnum and lies like a tongue over the medulla.
cerebellar neuronal abiotrophy
see cerebellar abiotrophy (above).
cerebellar neuraxonal dystrophy
reported in collie sheepdogs. The lesion is limited to axons and there are no lesions in the cerebellar folial neurons.
cerebellar syndrome
see cerebellar ataxia (above).

Patient discussion about cerebellar

Q. can you recover after a cerebellar stroke?

A. You can recover after a cerebellar stroke but the process takes time and rehabilitation. With the right kind of rehab people reach great results, supposing of course the initial injury allows it.

More discussions about cerebellar
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, the pontocerebellar fibers terminate in the cerebellar hemispheres, vermis, and paraflocculus.
His brain MRI showed atrophy of pons, medulla and cerebellum, and high signals in pons and middle cerebellar peduncle with cruciform pontine hyperintensity (hot cross bun sign) on axial T2W image (Figure-1).
From this case report, we highlight the excellent response of methylprednisolone on high-dose cytarabine cerebellar toxicity that suggests an immune-mediated mechanism of neurotoxicity.
DWM had been diagnosed because of his first cranial MRI (defining hydrocephalus, posterior fossa cyst, and cerebellar hypoplasia).
The non-neoplastic lesions encountered were cerebellar abscess and arachnoid cyst.
in 1968, in four siblings with agenesis of cerebellar vermis presenting episodic hyperpnea, abnormal eye movements, ataxia, and intellectual disability.
In this case, an immunocompetent patient presents with signs of cerebellar compromise.
In the fetus a good correlation has been reported between the transverse cerebellar diameter measured by ultrasound and gestational age in appropriate for gestational age, small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses and large for gestational age fetuses (LGA).
The cerebellum was hypoplastic with marked decreases in the sizes of the cerebellar sheets in both hemispheres and the vermis compared with the cerebellum of a control bovine of the same age (Figure 2B).
Acute presentation of LhermitteDuclos disease, or benign dysplastic cerebellar gangliocytoma, in an adult patient is a rather uncommonly described entity in the literature.
Kittens with cerebellar hypoplasia usually appear normal at birth but show signs as soon as they begin to toddle around.
neuroimaging and neuropathology of cerebellar malfor mations,