cephalopelvic disproportion

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a lack of the proper relationship between two elements or factors.
cephalopelvic disproportion abnormally large size of the fetal skull in relation to the maternal pelvis, leading to difficulties in delivery.

cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD),

a condition in which the fetal head is too large to traverse the maternal pelvis.

cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)

Etymology: Gk, kephale + L, pelvis, basin, dis, opposite of, proportio, similarity
an obstetric condition in which a baby's head is too large or a mother's birth canal too small to permit normal labor or birth. In relative CPD, the size of the baby's head is within normal limits but larger than average or the size of the mother's birth canal is within normal limits but smaller than average, or both; relative CPD is often overcome by molding of the head, the forces of labor, or the use of forceps to effect delivery. In absolute CPD, the baby's head is markedly or abnormally enlarged or the mother's birth canal is markedly or abnormally contracted, making vaginal delivery impossible. See also clinical pelvimetry, x-ray pelvimetry.

cephalopelvic disproportion

Obstetrics A structural and functional disparity between the fetus and the birth canal which makes vaginal delivery difficult or impossible. See Birth canal, Dystocia.

ceph·a·lo·pel·vic dis·pro·por·tion

(sef'ă-lō-pel'vik dis'prŏ-pōr'shŭn)
A condition in which the fetal head is too large to traverse the maternal pelvis, causing arrest of labor.

Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)

The condition in which the baby's head is too large to fit through the mother's pelvis.
Mentioned in: Cesarean Section


pertaining to the head of the fetus and the pelvis of the dam.

cephalopelvic disproportion
the head of the fetus is disproportionately large and will not pass through the pelvis of the dam. Caused usually by hydrocephalus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Exclusion criteria were the generally accepted contraindications to labour induction, namely previous caesarean section or uterine surgery, having more than 1 uterine contraction in 10 minutes, polyhydramnios, breech presentation, vasa praevia or complete placenta praevia, umbilical cord prolapse, abnormal fetal heart rate patterns not necessitating emergency delivery, cephalopelvic disproportion, maternal heart disease or prostaglandin allergy, and other contraindications to vaginal delivery.
However, obese women were significantly more likely than were the other groups to have dysfunctional labor or cephalopelvic disproportion.
Indications for surgery were as follows: repeat CS, cephalopelvic disproportion, breech presentation in a primipara, fetal distress, placenta praevia and previous uterine surgery.
An obstetrician and two mathematicians have developed an online calculator that accurately predicted the probability of cesarean section and cephalopelvic disproportion in primiparas seen in a large, multisite practice.