cephalogram


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radiograph

 [ra´de-o-graf″]
an image or record produced on exposed or processed film by radiography.
Relative positions of x-ray tube, patient, and film necessary to make the radiograph shown. Bones tend to stop diagnostic x-rays, but soft tissue does not. This results in the light and dark regions that form the image. From Thompson et al., 1994.
bite-wing radiograph a type of dental radiograph that reveals the crowns, necks, and coronal thirds of the roots of both the upper and lower posterior teeth, as well as the dental arches, produced using bite-wing film.
cephalometric radiograph a radiograph of the head, including the mandible, in full lateral view; used to make measurements; called also cephalogram.
flat plate radiograph a radiograph that visualizes abdominal organs and some abnormalities. It is usually one of the first diagnostic studies performed in assessing a patient for gastrointestinal disorders; no special physical preparation of the patient is necessary.
panoramic radiograph a type of extraoral body-section radiograph on which the entire maxilla or mandible can be depicted on a single film.

ceph·a·lo·met·ric ra·di·o·graph

a radiographic view of the jaws and skull permitting measurement.
Synonym(s): cephalogram

cephalogram

/ceph·a·lo·gram/ (sef´ah-lo-gram) an x-ray image of the structures of the head; cephalometric radiograph.

cephalogram

ceph·a·lo·met·ric ra·di·o·graph

(sefă-lō-metrik rādē-ō-graf)
Radiographic view of the jaws and skull permitting measurement.
Synonym(s): cephalogram.

cephalogram (sef´əlōgram),

n a cephalometric radiograph. On tracings of these films, anatomic points, planes, and angles are drawn that assist in the evaluation of the patient's facial growth and development.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lateral cephalograms of the samples were taken in centric occlusion at treatment initiation and completion in natural head position when patients were focusing at a long distant spot at eye level.
During the data analysis we found that the frontal sinus was radiographically seen around 8 and 9 years old cephalogram.
By the time the skeletal age assessment was performed, hand wrist radiographs and cephalograms from male subjects clearly differed from the standard plates more frequently than those of the female subjects, particularly in carpal bone area, which always showed less maturity compared with the other bones as by Acheson et al.
The results revealed a significant correlation between the cephalometric and panoramic values which concludes that panoramic radiography is as reliable as lateral cephalogram in predicting vertical facial pattern as determined by gonial angle.
The analiys was done on teleradiographies employing the Rocabado cephalograms to evaluate in this manner the hyoid triangle, the posteroinferior angle and the C0-C1 space.
A total of 202 digital lateral cephalograms recorded with the mandible in the position of maximal intercuspation were randomly taken in the department of oral medicine and Radiology.
After the entire spaces got closed in both maxillary and mandibular arches again necessary records were made which included photographs, study models, Orthopantomogram and lateral cephalogram (Figure 3 A-G).
Literature review showed that in Pakistan, no study has been done to assess quality of lateral cephalograms.
The means, standard deviations, minimum and maximum values, t-vales and p-values of the average perpendicular measurements on lateral cephalogram are presented in Table 1.
Patients should present bilateral Angle Class II, division 1 and Class III malocclusions, observed through the canine and molar relationship in plaster models, associated with skeletal maloclusion diagnosed in facial analysis and in the lateral cephalogram, with ANB angles greater than or equal to 5[+ or -] for group 1 or less than or equal to -1[+ or -] for group 2.
The reference points on lateral cephalogram were: L1 (the incisal tip of mandibular central incisor), M7 (the distobuccal cusp tip of mandibular second molar) and point S (the deepest point of COS).