cephalad


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Related to cephalad: dorsoventrally, anteroposterior

cephalad

 [sef´ah-lad]
toward the head; cranially.

ceph·a·lad

(sef'ă-lad),
In a direction toward the head.
See also: cranial (1).

cephalad

/ceph·a·lad/ (sef´ah-lad) toward the head.

cephalad

(sĕf′ə-lăd′)
adv. Biology
Toward the head or anterior section.

cephalad

[sef′əlad]
Etymology: Gk, kephale, head
toward the head, away from the ends or tail. Compare caudad.

cephalad

adjective Referring to the direction of the head; towards the head. Cephalad is being increasingly replaced by “toward the head” in the working medical parlance.

ceph·a·lad

(sef'ă-lad)
In a direction toward the head.
See also: cranial (1)

cephalad

Situated towards the head.

cephalad,

adj headward, directed toward the head.

ceph·a·lad

(sef'ă-lad)
In a direction toward the head.
See also: cranial

cephalad

toward the head.

Patient discussion about cephalad

Q. I need help with a delicate topic. My neice was diagnoised with Cranial Transannular Where he forehead was once as normal, now it has a forming point in the center to make it look as though her skull is shrinking inward. Please anyone help with any information you may have

A. your question troubled me... from what i know of bone development - what you say can very much happen but i never heard of a case like that.and i looked a bit about maybe some information about it, but i'm pretty sure that the name you gave is not the disease that she has, it's just a description. Cranial means skull, Trans means cross over and Annular means ring. but if you'll find the right name, or if it is really the real name, here is a bit of places you might find information-

http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec05.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonediseases.html

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about cephalad
References in periodicals archive ?
For an umbilical entry, it is imperative that the panniculus be placed cephalad to a position between the two anterior iliac spines (Obstet Gynecol.
Gary Strangman, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, "Testing Mechanical Countermeasures for Cephalad Fluid Shifts"
Examination of the abdominal wall revealed varicosity of the superficial inferior epigastric veins arising at the groin, with cephalad flow.
Elevated PPV and SVV cut-off values for discriminating fluid responsiveness might be expected under conditions of pneumoperitoneum combined with steep Trendelenburg position, because elevated intra-abdominal pressure shifts the diaphragm cephalad, leading to increased intrathoracic pressure and stiffened abdominal part of the chest wall (27).
4) This manifests in several ways: (i) an increase in cephalad and caudad peak velocities; (ii) spatial inhomogeneity in velocities; (iii) simultaneous bidirectional flow; and (iv) substantial net craniad or caudad flows within particular voxels and sub regions during the cardiac cycle (Figs 4a - d and 5a - f).
The mucous layer that resides along the apical (lumenal) surface of these columnar epithelial cells is efficiently propelled cephalad by the cilia to protect the lower airway from inhaled irritants.
Modification of anatomy due to the growing uterus and the cephalad displacement of the bowel may predispose to IH and volvulus (1).
A 3-level system is useful when considering normal vaginal support cephalad to caudad.
14) It has been proposed that in order to achieve the cephalad movement of pulmonary secretions that expiratory flow must exceed inspiratory flow by more than 10% (15) and be sufficient to achieve a velocity of greater than 1000 cm/second to move pulmonary secretions.
AS]) and to the cephalad insertion of the penis ([AGD.
Two lines are drawn, one through the superior surface of the first normal vertebra cephalad to the lesion and one through the inferior surface of the first normal vertebra caudad to the lesion (11).