Since the authors of two palpation studies (17,36) stated that their results might have been biased since the palpators were aware of prior studies that consistently showed the spinal site of the palpated TL cephalad
to the imaged TL, we attempted meta-analysis with and without these studies included.
1) The hemorrhage is typically bounded by the tectorial membrane, the cephalad
continuation of the posterior longitudinal ligament, and is constrained by the ligamentous attachment at the posterior C2 vertebral body from any inferior extension.
The present study reports the first case of postoperative lesser trochanter cephalad
migration manifesting as a subcutaneous painful groin mass and neurovascularly intact lower extremity.
Once the abdominal flap was sufficiently raised, the bed was flexed into a "beach chair" position and the site of the superior abdominal incision was verified by retracting the flap cephalad
This technique involves bridging the pars defect with a rod anchored by a cephalad
pedicle screw and caudad laminar hook combined with bone grafting.
For an umbilical entry, it is imperative that the panniculus be placed cephalad
to a position between the two anterior iliac spines (Obstet Gynecol.
8-15] Placement of catheter tips above or near the cephalad
origin of the SVC with the infusion of hypertonic or irritative solutions risks thrombosis from endothelial damage, embolism, and stenosis of the brachiocephalic veins or catheter erosion into the mediastinum leading to hydrothorax or hydro-mediastinum.
Measurement of left and right QF muscle CSA was performed on electronic imaging software, InteleViewer (Intelerad, Montreal, Canada), by manually tracing around the muscle borders of the four most cephalad
slices that were inferior to obturator internus and inferior gemellus.
Surface of the pronotum with on the shaft a decided median conical tubercle and a smaller but similar one cephalad
of the media protuberance, on the shaft at the caudal margins situated a pair of prominent tubercles, collar with faint medial carina.
Prior studies have shown increased vascular overlap associated with contralateral cephalad
There were varicose veins in both lower limbs, more marked on the right, and tortuous distended superficial inferior and superior epigastric veins on the trunk The direction of flow in the latter was cephalad
Pair of cephalad
directed dorsal processes begin from the apex of aedeagus stem on dorsal view.