centrocyte

cen·tro·cyte

(sen'trō-sīt),
1. A cell with a protoplasm that contains single and double granules of varying size stainable with hematoxylin; seen in lesions of lichen planus. Synonym(s): Lipschütz cell
2. A lymphocyte with a cleaved nucleus.
3. A nondividing, activated B cell that expresses membrane immunoglobulin.
[centro- + G. kytos, cell]

centrocyte

/cen·tro·cyte/ (sen´tro-sīt″) a general term encompassing both large and small cleaved follicular center cells.centrocyt´ic

centrocyte

(sĕn′trō-sīt) [″ + kytos, cell]
Any of the stages of B lymphocytes found in the center of lymphatic follicles.

Lipschütz,

Benjamin, Austrian physician, 1878-1931.
Lipschütz cell - a cell whose protoplasm contains single and double granules of varying size, stainable with hematoxylin. Synonym(s): centrocyte
Lipschütz erythema - Synonym(s): Afzelius erythema
Lipschütz ulcer - a simple acute ulceration of the vulva or lower vagina of nonvenereal origin. Synonym(s): ulcus vulvae acutum
References in periodicals archive ?
The presence of back-to-back follicles or nodules (as seen in the upper dermis of Figure 7, A) is not seen in many cases of PCFCL, where there may be confluence of nodules (bottom half of the biopsy specimen in Figure 7, A) or just diffuse effacement with B cells (Figure 7, B) with centrocyte morphology.
The marginal zone or centrocyte-like cells are small to medium-sized lymphocytes with variable nuclear membrane irregularities, resembling a centrocyte.
Major Morphologic Features, Immunophenotype, and Molecular/Cytogenetic Features of Small Lymphoid Lymphomas That Involve Extranodal Sites * Lymphoma Type Morphology CLL/SLL Small, round lymphocytes FL Centrocytes and centroblasts PCFCL Centrocytes and centroblasts FL-GIT Same as FL LPL Small lymphs, plasmacytoid lymphs, plasma cells MCL Small, round or cleaved cells LG Variable number of large cells HCL Small lymphs Plasmacytoma Plasma cells MALT Variable morphology, lymphoepitheli- al lesions, centrocyte-like, monocyt- oid, plasma cells Lymphoma Type Immunophenotype CLL/SLL [CD5.
The histology of FL is characterized by germinal centers of B lymphocytes, predominantly centrocytes and centroblasts with follicular growth pattern (2,5).
For example, the antiapoptotic protein BCL2 is expressed by benign T cells and mantle zone B cells but is not expressed by benign germinal center B cells (GCBs; centrocytes and centroblasts), a subset of which must undergo apoptosis for optimal selection of antibody-producing B cells.
USG-guided fine-needle aspiration(FNA) taken from the mesenteric lymph nodes showed lymphocyte predominance, few centro blasts,and centrocytes in the background of lympho glandular bodies and red blood cells without granuloma and epitheloid cells; which is suggestive of reactive lymphadenopathy.
Reactive lymphadenitis was second most common finding with 13(26%) cases showing predominantly small lymphocytes, transforming lymphocytes, centrocytes, centroblasts, tingible body macrophages and few histiocytes.
1 FL consists of centrocytes and centroblasts which originate from germinal centre B cell which usually have a partially follicular pattern.
When naive B-cells (BCL6-, MUM1-, CD 138-) enter the germinal centre, they become centroblasts (BCL6+, MUM1-, CD138-) that subsequently mature into centrocytes (BCL6+, MUM1-, CD138+) as they undergo immunoglobulin class switching, somatic hypermutation of the immunoglobulin variable genes and mutations of the proto-oncogene BCL6.
Histologically, the tumor is composed of large-cells with variable nuclear features, resembling centroblasts, large centrocytes, or multilobated cells, often with pale or "clear" cytoplasm.
The neoplastic cells vary from small to large, showing folding and cleaving of the nuclei, resembling centrocytes (small- to medium-sized cleaved cells with inconspicuous nucleoli) and centroblasts (large noncleaved cells with vesicular chromatin and several peripheral nucleoli).
Secondary follicles form when primary follicles react to antigen stimulation and are characterized by a peripheral mantle zone of small mature B cells surrounding a central germinal center made up of antigen-selected centroblasts and centrocytes that segregate into polarized dark and light zones, respectively, with admixed tingible body macrophages and follicular dendritic cells (Figure 1, C).