centrifuge

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Related to centrifuges: centrifugal force

centrifuge

 [cen´trĭ-fūj]
1. to rotate, in a suitable container, at extremely high speed, to cause the deposition of solids in solution.
2. a laboratory device for subjecting substances in solution to relative centrifugal force up to 25,000 times gravity.

cen·tri·fuge

(sen'tri-fyūj),
1. An apparatus by means of which particles in suspension in a fluid are separated by spinning the fluid, the centrifugal force throwing the particles to the periphery of the rotated vessel.
2. To submit to rapid rotary action, as in a centrifuge. Synonym(s): centrifugalize

centrifuge

/cen·tri·fuge/ (sen´trĭ-fūj)
1. a machine by which centrifugation is effected.
2. to subject to centrifugation.

centrifuge

(sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′)
n.
1. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid.
2. An apparatus in which humans or animals are enclosed and which is revolved to simulate the effects of acceleration in a spacecraft.
tr.v. centri·fuged, centri·fuging, centri·fuges
To rotate (something) in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus.

cen·trif′u·ga′tion (sĕn-trĭf′yə-gā′shən, -trĭf′ə-) n.

centrifuge

[sen′trifyo̅o̅j′]
Etymology: Gk, kentron + L, fugere, to flee
a device for separating components of different densities contained in liquid by spinning them at high speeds. Centrifugal force causes the heavier components to move to one part of the container, leaving the lighter substances in another. centrifugal, adj., centrifuge, v.
enlarge picture
Capped syringes in centrifuge

cen·tri·fuge

(sen'tri-fyūzh)
1. An apparatus by means of which particles in suspension in a fluid are separated by spinning the fluid, the centrifugal force throwing the particles to the periphery of the rotated vessel.
2. To submit to rapid rotary action, as in a centrifuge.

centrifuge

A laboratory machine that subjects matter suspended in solution to powerful outward-tending forces by high-speed rotation. This allows particles of different mass to be separated into bands.

centrifuge

a rotating machine that separates liquids from solids, or dispersions of one liquid in another liquid, by the action of centrifugal force.

centrifuge

1. to rotate, in a suitable container, at extremely high speed, to cause the deposition of solids in solution.
2. a laboratory device for subjecting substances in solution to relative centrifugal force up to 25,000 times gravity. See also cytocentrifuge.
References in periodicals archive ?
The latest report by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said that, as of November 15, Iran had dismantled 4,530 centrifuges or just over one-third of all those it must dismantle before sanctions can be lifted.
part 1 public procurement: refrigerated centrifuge table i.
Accordingly, using the centrifuges should be arranged in a way that it will enable the Islamic Republic of Iran to have the 190,000 SWUs (Separative Work Units) for enrichment after the end of its contract with Russia (which has built Bushehr nuclear power plant and is due to supply its fuel for some years)," he added.
Kemtron has experienced applications utilizing centrifuges in cooperation with the standard solids control equipment in which drilling fluid life was increased by a factor of 10.
We have put in 1,000 centrifuges of the second generation (IR-2m), but we have not injected the UF6 gas into them given the ongoing nuclear talks," said Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi, PressTV reported .
Under a landmark nuclear deal reached last month between Iran and world powers, Iran promised not to bring new centrifuges into operation for six months.
The StatSpin brand Express series centrifuges are specifically designed to reduce sample processing times for laboratory departments.
With near silent operation and a fixed speed that produces 2,000x g, the centrifuge is ideal for quick spin-downs.
The previous such report, in November 2010, indicated Iran planned to deploy several hundred new centrifuges for "research and development" at its once-secret nuclear site near Qom.
Custom Designed Centrifuges for specialty chemicals, fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals and one-of-a-kind separation applications
We are producing new generation of centrifuges named IR3 and IR4 .
Summary: Iran has more than 5,000 centrifuges to process uranium at its enrichment plant, its nuclear chief said Wednesday