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central veinA near-extinct term of uncertain utility that dignfies a vein located at the centre of an organ.
The vein that accompanies the central artery inside the optic nerve.
See also: vein
pertaining to a center; located at the midpoint.
of the optic nerve, the source of the retinal artery. See also Table 9.
the fast-flowing channel through the capillary bed, the rate controlled by the metarterioles which exert a sphincter-like action on the system.
convulsions arising from stimulation of the central nervous system, as distinct from those caused by lesions elsewhere.
central cord syndrome
injury to the central portion of the cervical spinal cord resulting in disproportionately more weakness or paralysis in the forelimbs than in the hindlimbs; pathological change is caused by hemorrhage or edema.
central diabetes insipidus
see diabetes insipidus.
central European tick-borne encephalitis
central of the three layers of gray matter in the cerebellum; the principal cell type is piriform.
central nervous system
see central nervous system.
central peripheral neuropathy
see Boxer progressive axonopathy.
central progressive retinal atrophy
see central progressive retinal atrophy.
central projection law
the laws of physics applied to the primary x-ray beam of photons, e.g. the closer the object being x-rayed is to the film the sharper will be its definition.
central respiratory oscillator
pool of nerve cells in the pons and medulla oblongata which are responsible for the rhythmic to-and-fro movements of respiration.
central retinal degeneration
fissure of Rolando.
central tarsal bone
the bone of the hock which lies between the proximal and distal rows of tarsal bones.
central tendon of diaphragm
see diaphragmatic tendon.
the centrally placed drainage vessel of each hepatic lobule, receiving blood from the hepatic sinusoids.
central venous catheterization
insertion of an indwelling catheter into a central vein for the purpose of administering fluid and medications and for the measurement of central venous pressure (see below).
central venous pressure (CVP)
the pressure of blood in the right atrium, measured by an in situ catheter in the right atrium, is a much better guide of the degree of vasogenic peripheral failure than is arterial blood pressure. The technique is used mainly in dogs and cats.