The Armed Forces have come a long way in understanding centers of gravity and critical vulnerabilities.
On the strategic level, centers of gravity might include a military force, an alliance, a set of critical capabilities or functions, or national strategy itself.
To understand centers of gravity, one must be grounded in the original context of On War.
In book six (Defense), Clausewitz offers a clear discussion of opposing armies as centers of gravity.
In World War I, Germany, fighting on two fronts, had to look for two centers of gravity, one Anglo-French and one Russian.
military assumes centers of gravity exist where none might--the enemy may not have sufficient connectivity between its parts to have a CoG.
31) Presumably, there are tactical centers of gravity, the defeat of which facilitates the accomplishment of tactical objectives, which in turn contribute to the defeat of operational CoGs, the destruction of which assists in the accomplishment of operational objectives, and so on, until national security objectives are achieved.
This is the fact that causes staff officers the greatest problem when trying to determine centers of gravity.
Identification of enemy centers of gravity allows commanders to focus their efforts on the neutralization or destruction of those forces that have a decisive impact on accomplishing a given political/military objective.
Accordingly, there exist within these forces certain centers of gravity which, by their movement and direction, exert a decisive influence over all other points; and they exist where the forces are most concentrated.
He advocated tracing multiple centers of gravity back to a single one.
The centers of gravity of Alexander the Great, Gustavus Adolphus, Charles XII of Sweden, and Frederick the Great rested with their armies.