cellulytic

cellulytic

breakdown of cellulose, e.g. by hydrolysis. Occurs at a sufficient level to provide a source of energy only in ruminants and species with a large intestine adapted to fermentation.

cellulytic bacteria
bacteria in the rumen which digest cellulose to volatile fatty acids especially acetic, butyric and propionic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Supplemental NFC had negative effects on NDF digestion because of the associated reduction in ruminal pH (Mould and Orskov, 1983), and the threshold below which cellulytic activity would be inhibited was approximately 6.
Plants, whether grasses or legumes, vary in their cellulytic (fiber) make up.
The pathogenic strain 9117 (a human clinical isolate causing cellulitis) caused weight loss in experimentally infected mice and was highly cellulytic to human brain microvessel endothelial cell (BMEC) monolayers and invasive of Hep-2 cells.
Compared to controls engineered with one or two cellulases, the triple cellulase displaying yeast had higher rates of hydrolysis, demonstrating the benefit of using diverse cellulytic enzymes in a single organism.
Bio-Products Marketing, minor in Business Management; Date conferred: July 2008; Previous work experience: President, University of Minnesota FPS Student Chapter (2006-2008); Undergraduate Researcher on Cellulytic Activity at Schilling Biodegradation Laboratory (2008), Minnesota Cup Entrepreneurship Competition Finalist (2008), Policy Intern for United States House Agriculture Committee in Washington, D.
1976) Comparative studies on cellulytic and oxidizing enzyme activities of edible and inedible wood rotters.
Although AOC does not produce the enzymatic machinery to completely depolymerize structural carbohydrates to simple sugars, it does produce enzymes that cause partial depolymerization (Boing, 1983) and it aids rumen cellulytic bacteria in completing the depolymerization of cellulosic material to simple sugars (Autrey et al.
The cellulytic activities of these pathogens enable them to access [ILLEGIBLE TEXT] intracellular sources of host iron as hemoglobin, myoglobin, catalase, and ferritin (17).