cellulose

(redirected from cellulosic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cellulose

 [sel´u-lōs]
a carbohydrate forming the skeleton of most plant structures and plant cells. It is the most abundant polysaccharide in nature and is the source of dietary fiber, preventing constipation by adding bulk to the stool. Good sources in the diet are vegetables, cereals, and fruits.
absorbable cellulose (oxidized cellulose) an absorbable oxidation product of cellulose, applied locally to stop bleeding.
cellulose sodium phosphate an insoluble, nonabsorbable cation exchange resin prepared from cellulose; it binds calcium and is used to prevent formation of calcium-containing kidney stones.

cel·lu·lose

(sel'yū-lōs),
A linear B1→4 glucan, composed of cellobiose residues, differing in this respect from starch, which is composed of maltose residues; it forms the basis of vegetable and wood fiber and is the most abundant organic compound; useful in providing bulk in the diet.
Synonym(s): cellulin
[L. cellula, cell, + -ose]

cellulose

/cel·lu·lose/ (sel´u-lōs) a rigid, colorless, unbranched, insoluble, long-chain polysaccharide, consisting of 3000 to 5000 glucose residues and forming the structure of most plant structures and of plant cells.
absorbable cellulose  oxidized c.
cellulose acetate  an acetylated cellulose used as a hemodialyzer membrane.
oxidized cellulose  an absorbable oxidation product of cellulose, used as a local hemostatic.
cellulose sodium phosphate  an insoluble, nonabsorbable cation exchange resin prepared from cellulose; it binds calcium and is used to prevent formation of calcium-containing renal calculi.

cellulose

(sĕl′yə-lōs′, -lōz′)
n.
A polysaccharide, (C6H10O5)n, that is composed of glucose monomers and is the main constituent of the cell walls of plants. It is used in the manufacture of numerous products, including paper, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and insulation.

cel′lu·lo′sic (-lō′sĭk, -zĭk) adj.

cellulose

[sel′yoo͡lōs]
Etymology: L, cellula, little cell
a colorless, insoluble, indigestible, transparent, solid polysaccharide that is the primary constituent of the cell walls of plants. In the diet it provides the bulk necessary for proper digestive tract functioning. Rich sources are fruits, such as apples and bananas, and legumes, bran, and green vegetables, especially celery. See also dietary fiber.

cel·lu·lose

(sel'yū-lōs)
An indigestible carbohydrate found in plants.
[L. cellula, cell, + -ose]

cellulose

A complex polysaccharide forming the structural elements in plants and forming ‘roughage’ in many vegetable foodstuffs. Cellulose cannot be digested to simpler sugars and remains in the intestine.

cellulose

a type of unbranched polysaccharide carbohydrate composed of from one to four linked (3-GLUCOSE units which can be hydrolysed by the enzyme CELLULASE. Cellulose is the main constituent of plant cell walls and is the most common organic compound on earth. It has high tensile strength because of H-bonding and is fully permeable.

cellulose (selˑ·y·lōs),

n an unbran-ched 1–4-beta-glucose polymer found in fruits, grains, seeds, and vegetables. A major dietary fiber, cellulose increases fecal size and weight because of its ability to bind water.

cel·lu·lose

(sel'yū-lōs)
A linear B1→4 glucan; forms the basis of vegetable and wood fiber and is the most abundant organic compound.
[L. cellula, cell, + -ose]

cellulose,

n the primary component of plant cell walls; provides the fiber and bulk necessary for optimal functioning of the digestive tract.
cellulose, oxidized
n cellulose, in the form of cotton, gauze, or paper, that has been more or less completely oxidized.

cellulose

a polysaccharide containing β1→4 linked glucose carbohydrate forming the skeleton of most plant structures and plant cells. In herbivores, digested by bacteria in the rumen or cecum, primarily to volatile fatty acids which can be used as a source of energy.

absorbable cellulose
an absorbable oxidation product of cellulose, applied locally to stop bleeding. Called also oxidized cellulose.
cellulose acetate
the most popular support field used in the electrophoresis of proteins.
oxidized cellulose
see absorbable cellulose (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
Edeniq's technology remains the lowest-cost solution for producing and measuring cellulosic ethanol from corn kernel fiber utilizing existing fermenters at existing corn ethanol plants, and has already proven cellulosic ethanol yields of up to 2.
The company has been producing and selling biomethanol since 2016, prior to increasing production to include cellulosic ethanol with the installation of its methanol-to-ethanol conversion unit earlier this year.
According to Edeniq, its Pathway Technology is a low-cost solution for producing and measuring cellulosic ethanol from corn kernel fibre utilising existing fermenters at corn ethanol plants.
Vital to the supply chain and the entire operation of the Nevada biorefinery are close to 500 local farmers, who will provide the annual 375,000 dry tons of stover needed to produce this cellulosic ethanol from within a 30-mile radius of the facility.
Fewer than 423,000 gallons of the fuel was produced in 2013, while EISA would have required cellulosic use of 500 million gallons that year.
The other important implementation decision by EPA has to do with handling of the cellulosic waiver.
BP is the owner-operator of several sugar cane ethanol mills in Brazil, where it may develop cellulosic projects.
The report gives an introduction to cellulosic ethanol and its production technologies and discusses the different feedstocks that are ideal for use.
Currently, Edeniq operates a pilot ethanol biorefinery in California that can convert two tonnes of feedstock per day into cellulosic sugars for an annual production of 50,000 gallons (189,000 litres) of cellulosic ethanol.
As a result, registered cellulosic ethanol production until this year was zero a nd it seems is likely to miss mandated blended volumes for years to come.
Novozymes, which becomes preferred enzyme supplier for Beta Renewables' current and future cellulosic biofuel projects, will pay some USD115m (EUR89m) for the stake in the Italian company, which is part of the Gruppo Mossi & Ghisolfi, the buyer said.
The contract has been signed to accelerate the commercialisation of its cellulosic ethanol process, and to assist in establishing a strong consumer market for the fuel.